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What Gardeners Often Misunderstand About The Carbon-Nitrogen Ratio

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We all know the importance of a balanced diet for people, and the same is true for the microorganisms that make composting magic happen. Rather than four major food groups, though, the “food plate” for these miniature humus-makers only includes two categories: carbon and nitrogen.

Carbon and Nitrogen

These two chemical elements, carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), each bring something different to microorganism mealtime. Carbon is the basic building block of life for all organic creatures, and is an important source of energy. The bacteria and fungi living inside a compost pile require large amounts of carbon just to sustain their existence. Nitrogen plays a different, but no less important role, providing a critical component of proteins, genetic material and cell structures.

  • Carbon: basic building block of life; important source of energy
  • Nitrogen: component of proteins, genetic material, and cell structures

When Something’s Missing

Composting is often misunderstood, and common problems can generally be traced back to an imbalance of these two key ingredients. When a pile doesn’t seem to be breaking down as quickly as expected, the reason is often an abundance of carbon. Without adequate nitrogen, the microbe population can’t expand and the pile simply sits there.

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Foul odors, on the other hand, are most often the result of excess nitrogen. If there’s too much nitrogen and not enough carbon, the microorganisms can’t make use of all of the nitrogen and it instead escapes in the form of ammonia, giving the pile an unpleasantly sour smell.

The 25:1 Ratio

What Gardeners Often Misunderstand About The Carbon-Nitrogen Ratio

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The best way to avoid these compost conundrums is to aim for an overall ratio of 25:1 — 25 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen. Microorganisms are most effective at decomposing materials when the proportion of carbon to nitrogen is kept close to this ratio. And while virtually everything that can be added to a compost pile includes both of these important nutrients, the percentage of each varies dramatically from material to material. Some materials, like leaves, are carbon rich, with a carbon-nitrogen ratio of 60:1. Others narrow the gap between the two, contributing a more substantial percentage of nitrogen, like bloodmeal which has a carbon-nitrogen ratio of 4:1. By balancing different materials so that, overall, the pile approaches a carbon-nitrogen ratio of 25:1, you’re in an ideal position to maximize your composting capabilities.

The chart below summarizes the carbon-nitrogen ratio of some common composting materials:

Carbon-Nitrogen Ratios*

MaterialCarbon-Nitrogen Ratio
Blood meal4:1
Coffee grounds20:1
Fruit waste35:1
Grass clippings20:1
Pine needles90:1
Saw dust500:1
Vegetable peelings10-12:1

* Source: University of Arkansas Department of Agriculture

Green and Brown

To make the process of achieving the elusive 25:1 ratio easier, it can be helpful to alternate layers of “green” and “brown” materials. While not necessarily literally green-colored, “green” layers are made up of fresh organic matter, like vegetable scraps, grass clippings, rotted manure and general garden waste. These components contribute a greater percentage of nitrogen to the pile.

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“Brown” materials, so-called because they tend to be older and more dried-out, include leaves, straw, pine needles, sawdust, etc., and are excellent carbon donors. Thinking in terms of these two main categories will make it easier to adjust your pile to find the perfect balance, which many gardeners suggest is approximately two-parts green to every one-part brown.

Problem: Pile doesn’t seem to be breaking down.

Solution: Pile has too much carbon. Increase percentage of nitrogen-rich “brown” material.

Problem: Pile has a sour smell.

Solution: Pile has too much nitrogen. Increase percentage of carbon rich “green” material.

The real action in any compost pile happens on a scale too small to see, and being mindful of how your pile operates on this level is critical to turning raw materials into soil-enriching black gold. The 25:1 carbon-nitrogen ratio is a surefire recipe for microbe satisfaction, and the best way to ensure composting success.

What advice would you add on making compost? Share your tips in the section below:

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?


If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.

This brings us to the review of the ultimate energizer guide. This is a program that provides users with classified information on how to build a free energy generator. But can the program really make you achieve this?

does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.

The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?

> Click here to get access to the ultimate energizer guide nowultimate

About The Ultimate Energizer guide

The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.

The ultimate energizer causes you to be calm about the electricity bill. This well ordered guide shows you how to manufacture this claim “home energy gadget” today impeccably. This will dispose of your energy charge ensured.

It is lost to the earth which means we need to really take care of it in order to reduce the cost of energy bills which introduces the ultimate energizer guide.

About The Ultimate Energizer Creator

The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.

In this post, we will review the ultimate energizer whose creator claimed to offer a way through which you can generate non-stop current. According to the author, you can drop down your electricity bills by 80%.

Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.

Features of The Ultimate Energizer

The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.

You can find here, a extensive review which highlights all the important features and performance criteria of the ultimate energizer. Use of the the ultimate energizer is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed in a short time; you have complete control over it. 100% money back guarantee shows that the ultimate energizer really works. The ultimate energizer gives full customer support for 7/24/365, also, features, credibility and the ultimate energizer’s ease of use are favorably satisfied by the buyers.

Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.

Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer

I’ve created this  honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.

It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.

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On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.

Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?

The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.

But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.

The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.

Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program

The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.

There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.

Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?

The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.

You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.

The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.

Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?

The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.

The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.

All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.

Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action


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Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!

Get Two Pocket Air Pros Worth $99.00 FREE With Your Purchase Of A Pocket Power

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Offer ends on Monday at midnight!

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