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The Pilgrims And Liberty

In times of cultural failure and upheaval, there are usually two kinds of extremists. Those who abandon any established order as a thing beyond redemption, and those who remain within the system, hoping they can reform it. New England was settled by both sorts in turn — by Separatists and by Puritans. Let’s talk about the Separatists first, those intrepid settlers we Americans call the Pilgrims. Next time we will look at the Puritans.

The Separatists were English Calvinists who had separated themselves from the Anglican Church and eventually from England itself as they sought a place where they could worship God according to His word. At first they met privately, even secretly in homes. But when Church and State combined to “harry them out of the land,” they fled to the Netherlands. What they found there, however, was hard labor and a local culture with plenty of temptations and distractions. When they’d finally had enough, they fled. William Bradford chronicled the motives for the move:

Lastly, and which was not least, a great hope and inward zeal they had of laying some good foundation, or at least to make some way thereunto, for the propagating and advancing the gospel of the kingdom of Christ in those remote parts of the world; yea, though they should be but even as stepping-stones unto others for the performing of so great a work.

And so, through many difficulties and complications, they set sail for North America. When they neared this continent’s Eastern shores, a tempest blew their lone ship, the Mayflower, off course and set them outside the lands designated by their charter. And, in the face of potential mutiny from the “strangers” aboard, the Pilgrims drew up a compact as a foundation for political self-government.

This Mayflower Compact was done “in the name of God” and with loyal acknowledgement of the political sovereignty of their king, James I. The Compact listed the Separatists’ broad goals as the glory of God, the advancement of the Christian faith, and the honor of king and country. Specifically, the Compact combined the signers and their families into “a civil Body Politick” so that they could, in the future, “enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the General good of the Colony.” Those who signed were most of the adult males aboard the Mayflower, as well as two apprentices.

The Pilgrims vs. Democracy

Clearly, the Pilgrims were strangers both to our modern brand of individualism and what we usually think of as the democratic spirit. First, they acknowledged themselves the “loyal subjects” of King James. They also bound themselves in terms of divine principles and under the authority of God Himself … and the Christian God specifically. They also foresaw the need for new laws and civil offices in the future, and they committed themselves to ordering this civil government in terms of English and biblical law.

The Pilgrims And LibertyThe signers expected that they would, in due time, have proper elected or appointed officers who would make and enforce civil law. There was no commitment in the Mayflower Compact to any type of ongoing direct democracy. There would be governors and officers and it would be the duty of every man to humbly submit to their rule.

Turn Drive Time Into Fun-Filled, History Time With Your Kids!

Foreseeing this, their first pastor, John Robinson, had admonished them with these words before they left for the New World:

Lastly, whereas you are to become a body politic, administering among yourselves civil government, and furnished with persons of no special eminence above the rest, from whom you will elect some to the office of government, let your wisdom and godliness appear, not only in choosing such persons as will entirely love and promote the common good, but also in yielding them all due honour and obedience in their lawful administrations; not beholding in them the ordinariness of their persons, but God’s ordinance for your good. . . And this duty you can the more willingly perform, because you are at present to have only those for you governors as you yourselves choose.

Champions of Religious Liberty?

Modern opinion treats the Pilgrims as champions of religious liberty and freedom of conscience. But this is not how the Pilgrims themselves would have spoken of their mission and goals. The Pilgrims covenanted together, first as a church congregation and later as civil body, to promote the Christian faith as they understood it. Their common faith defined and dictated the nature of their ecclesiastical and political community. To put it bluntly, those who wished to worship God on terms foreign to the Separatists’ theology … should go elsewhere. The original Separatists had no desire to compel others to worship biblically because they believed that coerced worship was no worship at all.

They refer to the impossibility of forcing the conscience incidentally, not for the purpose of advocating freedom of opinion. Sometimes the people who are in error are sternly dismissed, in the spirit of the old prophet — “Ephraim is joined to his idols, let him alone.” Sometimes they are alluded to with pitifulness; but for the most part the impossibility of forcing the conscience is brought in to condemn the action of those clergy who are striving to get a legal sanction for their scheme of Church Reformation, in order that it may be imposed on the whole nation. (MacKennal, 24).

The Pilgrims, being Congregationalist Calvinists, were unimpressed with the imaginations of men. Like Luther, their minds were captive to the Word of God. They believed in absolute truth, revealed infallibly and authoritatively in Holy Scripture. They took it for granted that a truly Christian people would want to obey God in all of life, including politics. They assumed that a Christian people, given the opportunity, would construct a Christian commonwealth, but they didn’t believe that any laws, even God’s Mosaic Law, could regenerate men and make them disciples of Christ.

Conclusion

The Pilgrims And LibertyThe Separatists practiced congregational government within their churches. The “heads of households” … usually an adult male … called or elected the pastor and the elders. These elected officers led the congregation by teaching, admonition, and by example. In some matters however, the whole congregation voted. This form of church government laid a strong foundation for the way the Pilgrims’ would enact their civil government, as well. The strong traditions of English civil government also would play a large role in how they would stay in covenant with each other. Throughout both influences ran the Christian understanding of law, grace, and representation.

The Pilgrims, like their Puritan cousins, thought in terms of covenant. They believed in biblical absolutes and in the need for humble submission to God’s ordinances. What they didn’t accept was Greek or classical democracy and the modern idea that every man’s opinion is as good as ever other man’s. They were strangers to individualism and knew no law higher than God’s.

For Further Reading:

Alexander MacKennal, The Story of the English Separatists (London: Congregational Union of England and Wales, 1893).

Terrill Irwin Elniff, The Guise of Every Graceless Heart: Human Autonomy in Puritan Thought and Experience (Vallecito, CA: Ross House Books, 1981).

Rousas J. Rushdoony, This Independent Republic, Studies in the Nature and Meaning of American History (Nutley, NJ: The Craig Press, 1964).

Clarence B. Carson, The Rebirth of Liberty, The Founding of the American Republic 1760-1800 (Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: The Foundation for Economic Education, Inc., 1976).

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NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?

energy

If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.

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The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?

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About The Ultimate Energizer guide

The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.

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About The Ultimate Energizer Creator

The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.

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Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.

Features of The Ultimate Energizer

The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.

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Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.

Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer

I’ve created this  honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.

It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.

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On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.

Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?

The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.

But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.

The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.

Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program

The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.

There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.

Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?

The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.

You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.

The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.

Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?

The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.

The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.

All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.

Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action

 

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