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The Homesteader’s Guide To Flour: What To Use, What NOT To Use, & How To Store It

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One of the best ways to save money, avoid added sugars and preservatives, and be self-sufficient is to bake your own bread. And since flour is the main ingredient of most breads, it is valuable to know a little about the choices among flours.

There are a lot of different flours on the market today, available everywhere from a big-box store to health food stores and co-ops to local grist mills. Like with most products, there is a wide variety in quality and price, and there are a lot of factors that can be considered.

I use several different types of flours. My personal preference is to lean toward the least possible processing and the most local flours available, and to buy in bulk when I can in order to keep the costs manageable.

My everyday go-to is white flour which is touted as “never bleached” and “never bromated.” I am fortunate to live in a region of the country where this flour is readily available in 50-pound bags at a low price.

Other flours I use frequently are locally grown and milled whole wheat and “extracted” whole wheat. Stay tuned for more information about words like “bleached” and “bromated” and “extracted” as they relate to flour.

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To round out my baking, I mix in some specialty flours. Rye, spelt, oat, kamut, graham, semolina, buckwheat and cake flours, along with cornmeal, add variety to the flavors and textures of my baked breads.

What Is Flour?

Although my flour cabinet is full and diverse, there are plenty of selections I do not keep on hand. Flours ground from rice, nuts, soy, legumes and even potatoes exist, and are preferred by many people for reasons that include health requirements, dietary restrictions and environmental concerns.

First—what is flour, really? The meaning can be broadened to include almost any plant milled or ground into a powdery substance, but most people think of wheat and other grains when they think of flour.

Wheat flour comes in lots of different variations that differ from one another due to either the type of wheat used or the process used to mill the wheat.

The part of the wheat used for flour, called a kernel or berry, consists of an outer covering called the “bran,” a starchy inside called the “endosperm,” and the tiny sprouting section called the “germ.” White flour is made from using only or mostly the endosperm, while whole wheat flour uses all or most of the berry.

The Homesteader’s Guide To Flour: What To Use, What NOT To Use, & How To Store It

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Wheat cultivars are diverse around the globe, according to the climate in which they are grown and the culinary habits of the people eating them. In North America alone, wheat variations include those which are higher or lower in gluten, grow in far northern climates or more temperate areas, and are best for everything from pasta to cake.

There are a lot of classifications of flour, and those who are passionate about it tend to throw around terms like high gluten, protein percentages, bread flour, cake flour, sifted flour, bromated, bleached, and extracted. It can all get pretty confusing for anyone just starting out with home bread baking projects. But don’t let that put you off. The real truth is, you don’t really need to know any of that stuff in order to be successful at making your own bread. You can buy ordinary white all-purpose flour at whatever level of quality fits your budget and turn out delicious bread.

But making your own bread is similar to other hobbies and passions—once you have the basics down, it is fun to step up the intensity and play around with possibilities. And with bread-baking, one of the most fun and rewarding ways to do that is to learn about flour.

White, Whole Wheat and Gluten

One of the main delineations among flour types is white versus whole wheat. Only, it’s not really an either-or, but instead more of a continuum. Some flour is very white, using only the endosperm and processed until the flour is soft and fine, while flour on the opposite end of the spectrum uses 100 percent of the wheat berry and is coarsely ground. In between are many increments. Extraction flour, for example, is whole wheat flour in which much of the coarser bits of bran have been sifted out, yielding a final product that is more nutritious than regular white flour but lighter than conventional whole wheat. White whole wheat is another mid-range flour, which is whole wheat flour made from a lighter-colored and milder-tasting wheat berry.

Next, consider gluten. Gluten is simply a natural protein inherent in wheat and some other grain flours. It’s the stuff that makes bread dough chewy and stretchy. If you bake bread for someone whose digestive system cannot tolerate gluten, you will need to find alternatives. But for the rest of us, gluten provides nutrition and allows us to work up doughs and batters into the consistency we like.

Flours vary in overall protein content, ranging from high-protein whole wheat and bread flour to low-protein cake flour. The latter is not typically used in yeast breads but is often called for in recipes for muffins and other quick breads. The best bet is to use all-purpose flour, which is mid-range in protein—unless the recipe you’re using specifies otherwise.

Bleaching and bromating are simply chemical processes used by some companies. Bleaching is just for color—although unbleached flour is also white—and bromating is intended to enhance dough rising, but neither are necessary and both are potentially mildly toxic.

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Most people are aware of differences in taste and texture between grains. It comes as no surprise that buckwheat flour or rye flour or cornmeal taste and feel very different from wheat flour. But once you start experimenting with artisan wheat flours, you will find a discernable difference among different cultivars of wheat, as well.

The Homesteader’s Guide To Flour: What To Use, What NOT To Use, & How To Store It

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The best way to experiment with grains is to start out with a basic recipe and ease into alternatives little by little. Add a little rye or oat flour and see how it changes things, or cut a little more robust whole wheat into an otherwise bland white loaf to see if it livens things up. One of my favorite grains is spelt, which adds a rich nutty flavor and a nice speckled color to white breads. I also like to add oat flour—which can be homemade with rolled oats and a food processor—or light rye to some recipes.

Flour can get expensive, especially if you try to keep all those types of flour on hand. Even as much as I use in my household—where 100 percent of our bread is homemade—it can be challenging to keep it cost-effective and loss-free.

When it comes to storing flour, the cooler the better. Here’s how I do it: I keep my go-to white flour in a 22-quart bin in the kitchen. About half of a 50-pound bag will fit into my bin at a time, and I store the other half in a bin in my cool cellar until needed.

I buy my whole wheat flours by the 50-pound bag, as well. When I make a purchase, I divide it out into five-pound bags and often split the 50 pounds up with one or two other bakers, which saves us all money. I store my share in tightly sealed plastic bags inside a heavy-duty zip-top bag in the freezer. Because whole wheat flours contain the entire wheat berry, which can make them subject to faster spoilage—and also because I go through them more slowly than white—I keep only five pounds in my kitchen at a time. Freezing works well, but beware of condensation on the outside of the bag. When you take it out of the freezer, set it on the countertop unopened for a day or two to allow all of the moisture on the outside of the bag to evaporate completely, to avoid getting any of it into your flour. When it is completely dry, I pour the bagful into a plastic container for storage in my flour cabinet.

Most of my other flours come in 3- to 5-pound bags, but because most of them are locally produced and availability can be iffy, I stock up in fall. I store these in the freezer, as well, in heavy-duty zip-top bags, being sure to keep condensation out when thawing and taking care to rotate my supplies.

Whatever kind of bread you and your family prefer, there is sure to be a flour which is perfect for the job.

What advice would you add about flour? Share your tips in the section below:

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?


If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.

This brings us to the review of the ultimate energizer guide. This is a program that provides users with classified information on how to build a free energy generator. But can the program really make you achieve this?

does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.

The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?

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About The Ultimate Energizer guide

The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.

The ultimate energizer causes you to be calm about the electricity bill. This well ordered guide shows you how to manufacture this claim “home energy gadget” today impeccably. This will dispose of your energy charge ensured.

It is lost to the earth which means we need to really take care of it in order to reduce the cost of energy bills which introduces the ultimate energizer guide.

About The Ultimate Energizer Creator

The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.

In this post, we will review the ultimate energizer whose creator claimed to offer a way through which you can generate non-stop current. According to the author, you can drop down your electricity bills by 80%.

Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.

Features of The Ultimate Energizer

The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.

You can find here, a extensive review which highlights all the important features and performance criteria of the ultimate energizer. Use of the the ultimate energizer is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed in a short time; you have complete control over it. 100% money back guarantee shows that the ultimate energizer really works. The ultimate energizer gives full customer support for 7/24/365, also, features, credibility and the ultimate energizer’s ease of use are favorably satisfied by the buyers.

Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.

Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer

I’ve created this  honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.

It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.

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On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.

Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?

The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.

But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.

The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.

Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program

The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.

There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.

Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?

The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.

You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.

The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.

Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?

The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.

The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.

All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.

Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action


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Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!

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