Connect with us

Self Sufficiency

Terraforming In Real Life | A Homesteading Study

Home Self Sufficiency Emergency Prep Terraforming In Real Life | A Homesteading Study

Ever heard of terraforming? If you’ve seen The Martian then you’ll be familiar with it. It’s the ability to create an ecosystem from the given elements that can support human life. So how can you terraform? Learn more here from an expert!

Terraforming: Water & Gravity

By Nick Lake of

Ecosystems resilience becomes the goal in an economy that is forced to transition because of natural disaster. When designing for the worst, we aren’t being pessimistic; we are simply being realistic and holistic. What are the extremes of the planet? If climate is changing, and the tectonics will adjust, then almost all options of climate are fair possibilities at any given time in any given place. We as a species of humanoid mammals are now faced with making decisions that will impact generations of future earth dwelling organisms. One of our holistic goals must be to create long lasting systems that our great grandchildren will look back on and say, “I am so glad they did this great work back then.” But what work can we do that will create this response?


Planetary reconstruction to establish habitable conditions.

Eden is not far away. The organisms that will thrive on the earth of tomorrow are already here. We simply need to create conditions that will accommodate their needs. If we reflect upon the fundamental requirement for life, our starting point becomes clear rather quickly.


Water is key to all life. Water is the miracle agent that holds the resonance of life intact. Water is the fundamental medium of thriving organisms. If we must go further into the physics of reality to find a fundamental constituent of wholeness, we stumble upon gravity.

Water and Gravity

Local conditions are always variable, but water and gravity are keys to a fundamental pattern. Land design will always depend upon the context of the place, but of all existing conditions to consider, water and gravity will determine the primary design features of a landscape built for life. Water is the tool that will demonstrate gravity. Water will find its own level. Water will flow down until it is held up. If water is held up on the mountain in various forms of catchment basins, it will flow in to the soil rather than down over the surface of the soil. Soil is the safest, most long term, and most life-beneficial place to store water. If we are able to strategically “defy gravity” by holding water up high, we will find new places to store water in the land. If we observe the full cycle of water, we will see it is the magician of anti-gravity already.

Sea level is our definition of ground level zero, a boundary condition of gravity as defined on earth. As it turns out, the surface of the sea is quite a vibrant ecosystem with some amazing capabilities. Paraphrasing from Stephen Harrod Buhner from his book Plant Intelligence and the Imaginal Realm, in a section called “Clouds, Rain, and Bioprecipitation” (p.145), water has been able to nurture life on the surface of the ocean “(surface plankton: microalgae, and the bacteria that live on them), and these organisms can raise the temperature of the air and water at the surface of the ocean by alchemizing the energy of the sun and releasing a warm gas of dimethyl sulphide (DMS). This extra heat results in thermal updrafts, which can build in concentration to the point that a density gradient is formed, and wind is created. This wind will create waves, and as the waves crash and splash, white caps and sea foam will form. Tiny water droplets filled with this microalgae and bacteria organisms are caught in their own thermal updraft columns and are lifted into the upper atmosphere to form clouds. Anti-gravity magic? Buhner quotes Myra Hird, who quotes Lynn Margulis commenting “the biosphere as superorganism arises as an emergent property of complex symbiotic durations” (Hird, Indifferent Globality, 60). It is the complex collaborative achievement between water, bacteria, and sun (and the rest of the complex biosphere of Gaia as a whole) that results in this levitation. The whole is always greater than the sum of its parts.

Once in the high atmosphere, the bacteria and other microorganisms enable the formation of ice upon these micro biome nuclei from the sea (ice-nucleating agents), acquiring more and more moisture until a density threshold is reached. Gravity then asserts its power, and the water begins to fall as ice, then as rain. Bioprecipitation—a microbial inoculation from ocean to land (fungal spores can also find their way into the clouds and be carried great distances before raining down on their new territory). (Buhner, Plant Intelligence and the Imaginal Realm, Bear & Co., 2014).

Water Cycle - Terraforming

Gravity gives context to our idea of “level”. If a table is not level, a round ball placed on the table will roll off. In the same way, if land is not level, an abundance of water will roll down and off the land, back to sea level. Because water is our “universal solvent”, it dissolved the land as it flows, and carries soil nutrients away from farms and into waterways and the ocean, lost to the land. I live on the West Coast of the United States, where it is said we are in a drought. The context could be looked at differently, and has been by many who are saying that rather than a drought problem, we have a problem with water runoff. Drains, gutters, impermeable surfaces, and dry hydrophobic soil conditions are draining the water that falls in the land away, straight back to sea level. Thermal energy (from the thermal columns), potential energy (of the ice crystals suspended in the clouds), and kinetic energy (of the falling and draining water) are all lost in ignorance when we let this miraculous process go to waste. And worse, when the water runs away it takes the minerals it was meant to unlock for organisms living on the land with it.

We must not underestimate the agency of water. Its properties are still mysterious to our science. It has found a way to bring itself high into the air, until our other mysterious force gravity takes its hold once again. It is only natural that, as the human consciousness grows, we will recognize the need to support these desires of water to spread its territory to the dry realms of the land. Storing water high upon the mountains and slowing its flow down from there is among the highest forms of biotechnological solutions life the earth has yet devised. Slow it, Spread it, Sink it: a famous phrase of the permaculture movement that we must all take to heart and to hand.



The way to solve the issue of runoff is to consider how we can combat gravity in order to support water’s mission to get high and saturate the land. We must safely and smartly capture water on our landscapes and store it in the soil, while preserving the integrity of our built infrastructure. These are not mutually exclusive options. There are many design systems we can incorporate into our landscapes that perform these functions. These include use of:

  • Terraces
  • Rain gardens
  • Storage tanks
  • Well structured wetlands
  • Check dams
  • Trees (root,s shade, humidity, regulation, land stabilization)
  • Swales and berms
  • Mulch
  • Thick vegetation
  • Permeable surfaces
  • Beaver dams
  • Dynamic and holistic planned grazing of mega fauna
  • Ponds
  • Soil biology
  • Soil carbon
  • Contour gardening
  • Keyline design
  • Lots of little holes in the landscape

All of these design elements that also support the production of food. The solutions for every land site will be different, depending on the context of the site: climate, slope, infrastructure, soil type, current land use, location in the context of the larger watershed… The goal is for zero runoff. Where the rain falls, let it stay. This is local management, and we need these developments to be functionally applied to our local systems on a broad scale, now. I invite you into participation with the local watershed. May the water be with you. Blessings.

Want to see theories about how terraforming can help Mars become Earth 2.0? Check out this video from SciShow Space:

What do you think about this? Let us know below in the comments!

Follow us on instagram, twitter, pinterest, and facebook!


LIKE this? I’m sure you’ll LOVE:

Build A Keyhole Garden | Homesteading Tips

The Benefits Of Garden Mulch | Homesteading Tips

How To Survive Like The Martian



Suggested Videos

wpDiscuzThis Article Was Found On Read the Original Article

Continue Reading

Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

This Article Was Originally Posted On Read the Original Article here

Continue Reading

Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?


Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.


  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients

Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips

Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt

Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage

Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar

Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar

You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band

Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? Write for us!


Follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, and Facebook!



Suggested Videos

This Article Was Found On Read the Original Article

Continue Reading

Self Sufficiency


Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!


Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.


Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.


Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.


Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.


Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.


There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.


A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.


Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.


Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!




Suggested Videos

This Article Was Found On Read the Original Article

Continue Reading