Want to know what terrace farming is? Do you own hilly lands which are causing problems growing crops? Read on! Terrace farming might be the solution for your problem.
Terrace Farming On Your Homestead | Types Of Farming
People are always searching for ways to adapt to their environment for survival and Terrace Farming is another great way that we have developed to grow crops in hilly or steep-sloping lands.
Farmers who’ve done terrace farming around the world developed terrace farming that consists of different steps or terraces. It made using low walls of earth up the side of the hills which allow the farmers to make flat areas for planting crops. Terrace fields allow the soil to remain in place but let water flows down the hill to allow different areas to be dry or wet at any given time.
Through terrace farming soil erosion was prevented, rain and run-off water was conserved and the unused hillside became productive and livable. Likewise, terrace farming provides essential goods for local people as it also highlights the most beautiful landscapes in the world.
Let’s take a tour across the world and discover the most spectacular landscapes created by terrace farming.
1. Banaue Rice Terraces
Named as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995, and are known as the eighth wonder of the world. Located in the heartlands of Cordilleras mountains of the Philippines. The Banaue Rice Terraces fields were carved out by hand by the Ifugao tribes and are thought to have been successfully producing rice for almost 2,000 years.
2. Machu Picchu
Who would not be amazed to Machu Picchu? It is one of the most spectacular and impressive ancient sites of the world. Machu Picchu’s narrow steps were made from stone blocks, with thousands of pathways and terraces, connecting plazas, cemetery, and buildings.
3. Douro Valley
Douro Valley is situated in northern Portugal and known as the home of port wine. The hills of Douro Valley is veiled with terrace fields of vines tripping down to the river banks. It becomes a spectacular display of colors all throughout the year as the vines mature.
4. Inca Pisac
The Inca Pisac were constructed by the Incas and are still being used today. The mountainous terraces of Inca Pisac consist of 16 different cultivation sections. The terraces include religious temples, military citadel, and homestead and oversees the Sacred Valley, between the Salkantay Mountains.
5. Sa Pa Terraces
Sa Pa Terraces is among of the most popular tourist attractions in Vietnam which are located in Muong Hoa valley between Sa Pa town and the Fansipan Mountain not far from the Chinese border. The local mountain people grows rice and corn on these terraces, along with vegetables. However, because of climate, it can only produce one rice crop per year.
6. Hani Terraces
Hani Terraces is also carved by hand by the Hani people. Situated below the villages on the side of the Ailao Mountains in Yuanyang. These terrace fields provide enough rice and fish for hundreds of thousands of people for over 1,000 years. It’s rice terraces is a lush tropical paradise that is flooded with tourists from December to March for a spectacular view.
7. Salinas De Maras
Salinas de Maras or the Inca salt pans have been producing salts for centuries. Just like Asian rice terraces, these salt terraces are passed on from generation to generation. It consists around 3,000 man-made terrace salt pans that when reflected with sunset it causes the salt pans to appear like it is made of gold. So if you plan to visit, do it in the late afternoon, right before the sun sets.
Choquequirao meaning Cradle of Gold is another Peruvian terrace agricultural site. It is situated at the border of Cuzco and Apurimac and is made of 180 s steps which are built completely different from the Machu Picchu style. You can only reach Choquequirao by foot or horseback that is why it is less visited than Machu Picchu. Usually, it would take four days to reach Choquequirao from Cachora.
9. Bali Rice Terraces
The Bali Rice Terraces were also carved by hand with the help of basic tools and are carried out by generations. In Bali, they have a well organized social order called Subak who manages the irrigation strictly on schedule and are fairly distributing the water.
10. Longji Terraces
Longji meaning the Dragons’ Backbone were built over 500 years ago during the Ming Dynasty. The Longji Terraces is found in Longsheng which is about 2 hours drive from Guilin. Longji Terraces is the answer to Longing’s limited agricultural land and water supply.
There you have it! Terrace farming is definitely a perfect way to transform that hilly inhospitable lands into a bountiful crop producing lands to support humans.
Thanks for checking our Terrace Farming On Your Homestead | Types Of Farming post! Can you now start planting crops on the hilly side of your land? Let us know in the comments section below.
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