It was October 28, 1846, and the Donner Party was in trouble. Ahead of them towered the rugged Sierra Nevadas. White snow was falling all around, and from what they could see of the mountain pass ahead, much more blocked their path.
Already worn out from a long trail, the migrants decided to retreat. They backed out 12 miles to wait out the early storm at Truckee Lake. With supplies running low, and months on the trail beginning to show its toll, the group sat tight for a break in the storm. Had they known the fate that was to befall them, it’s likely the group would have exited the mountains altogether. As it was, they were running late and the permanent snows were setting in. However, running late was nothing new to the Donner Party.
The “Donner Party” is the name given to one of the most haunting groups of Oregon Trail migrants. This group of pioneers originally came from Springfield, Ill., and were led by Jacob and George Donner, who had set their eyes west on the rich lands of California. In a time before the Gold Rush, these folks were looking for the golden soil California had to offer. In only a few short years, it would become precious metal that drove a wave of migration.
Their First Big Mistake
By the time the group had plodded down to Independence, Mo., and bought the necessary equipment, it was already May 12. This was considered exceptionally late to begin the trek west. Most of the big trains had been gone for two or three weeks at that point. In fact, the Donner Party was the last big party to leave Independence in the spring of 1846.
Traveling across the plains went well enough for the group. Golden grass would have blanketed the expansive prairie, although no doubt most of the forage close to the trail was gone. Eventually they arrived at Fort Bridger in southeast Wyoming – at which point they made a disastrous decision. Rather than take the traditional route, the Donners decided to strike straight west out of the fort. They were seeking a new route that had been dubbed “The Hastings Cutoff” – a supposed shortcut named for Lansford Hastings, the man who had written about it in a new guidebook. Little did the group know, Hastings himself had never made the trip and was only speculating on the route. Rather than a shortcut, the Donner Party ran headlong into the Wasatch Mountains. In order to make it over, the group hacked their way through the timber and painstakingly made their way through the mountains. Eventually, they would exit the other side, but the “shortcut” had cost the group an extra 18 days.
At this point, their two biggest mistakes — a late start and 18 days going through a “shortcut” — were beginning to catch up. Had they either left earlier, or taken the traditional route, the group would have missed the Oct. 28 snow. But they did hit the snow, and what happened next is one of the most narrated stories of western history.
No Way Out
As soon as the group retreated down to Truckee Lake, the real problems began. Snow fell and fell, and soon the group had no way forward. Ominously, they had no possible exit, either. To protect against the falling snow and the dropping temperatures, the members constructed makeshift shelters and cabins from what they could gather around camp. They began to dig in for a long winter, and made the best survival preparations they could.
Most of their food had been eaten on the trail, and most of their loose stock animals were run off not long before they became snowbound. With only 100 miles to the end of the trail, the group would have had enough supplies to last had the snows not caught them. Now the group faced a long winter in the high Sierras, and the supplies would certainly not last all winter.
Within just the first few weeks they had blown through what was left of their foodstuff. They then began slaughtering what stock animals remained. After that was devoured, the group was reduced to eating dirt, grass, tree bark and hides.
As supplies diminished by mid-December, 15 of the strongest group members decided to strike out over the pass in search of help. They fashioned snowshoes from the forest and began their trek. In later days, this search group would be called Forlorn Hope. The name suggests the party’s dire straits.
Soon, the Forlorn Hope group became lost in the white peaks of the high Sierras. They staggered around in the winter landscape, with no bearing as to where they were headed. After just a few days, several in the group were on the verge of death. The legend goes that on Dec. 25, Patrick Dolan went mad, stripped naked, ran into a storm, and collapsed dead in the snow. Imagine the scene.
A Shocking Decision
Towering pines encrusted in snow bent stubbornly to the howling wind. All around the Forlorn Hope lay a vast expanse of white. They didn’t know where they were going, where they had been, or how far they had to travel. The hunger pains that had begun cramping their stomachs weeks earlier were once again noticeably prevalent. They had been marooned in the high country for nearly 60 days, and no help had been contacted. This group was the only hope the Donner Party had of contacting somebody from the outside world. It was at that point, when Patrick Dolan collapsed, that members of Forlorn Hope made a decision that would become the focal point of the Donner story. They butchered and ate Patrick Dolan.
Patrick Dolan was not the only group member who was eaten. Two Native Americans also happened to be traveling with Forlorn Hope in search of help. When they saw the cannibalized body, they separated from the group out of fear that they, too, might be eaten. After several days, the duo was found by the rest of Forlorn Hope. At that point, William Foster is reported to have shot the two Native Americans in order to cannibalize them. Eventually, the battered search group exited the mountains alive. They soon notified local residents that the majority of their party was still stranded at Truckee Lake.
With heavy snows in January and February, the search effort was not able to commence right away. By mid-February, the first relief effort punched through the deep snow to reach the stranded party. Unable to bring pack animals, they brought whatever supplies they could carry and ushered out those who could make it. Over the next two and half months, rescuers guided out what remained of the Donner Party. In mid-April, the final effort was made to save the last survivors. Legend says that Lewis Keseberg was the last to be rescued. When rescuers arrived, Lewis was surrounded by half-cannibalized people lying all around him. Some speculated he had murdered the remaining party members in order to eat them. In the end, no charges were ever proven against him.
The Donner Party is a well-known part of western history. Had the group arrived at the now aptly named Donner Pass just one day earlier, odds are all of them would have lived. But of the original 81 pioneers who started the winter at Truckee Lake, only 45 survived to tell the tale. More than 150 years later, their story still shocks those who hear it.
What do you think? Share your thoughts about the Donner Party in the section below:
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NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls
New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.
The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.
The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.
“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”
The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?
If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.
This brings us to the review of the ultimate energizer guide. This is a program that provides users with classified information on how to build a free energy generator. But can the program really make you achieve this?
does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.
The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?
About The Ultimate Energizer guide
The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.
The ultimate energizer causes you to be calm about the electricity bill. This well ordered guide shows you how to manufacture this claim “home energy gadget” today impeccably. This will dispose of your energy charge ensured.
It is lost to the earth which means we need to really take care of it in order to reduce the cost of energy bills which introduces the ultimate energizer guide.
About The Ultimate Energizer Creator
The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.
In this post, we will review the ultimate energizer whose creator claimed to offer a way through which you can generate non-stop current. According to the author, you can drop down your electricity bills by 80%.
Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.
Features of The Ultimate Energizer
The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.
You can find here, a extensive review which highlights all the important features and performance criteria of the ultimate energizer. Use of the the ultimate energizer is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed in a short time; you have complete control over it. 100% money back guarantee shows that the ultimate energizer really works. The ultimate energizer gives full customer support for 7/24/365, also, features, credibility and the ultimate energizer’s ease of use are favorably satisfied by the buyers.
Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.
Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer
I’ve created this honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.
It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.
On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.
Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?
The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.
But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.
The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.
Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program
The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.
There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.
Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?
The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.
You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.
The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.
Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?
The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.
The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.
All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.
Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action
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