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Proper Spoor Identification When Hunting Big Game

Proper spoor identification is key in an active hunting strategy

Part of being a successful hunter is being a successful tracker, and tracking is not a skill that’s learned overnight. In some types of hunting, such as duck hunting, tracking is really not necessary; you’ll post up somewhere in a marsh and wait for ducks to take flight, or you’ll call them with a specially made duck call. In some types of deer hunting, you can lure the animal with a salt block, or even use a tree stand and wait by an active game trail until that trophy buck comes ambling by.

Having said all of that, keep in mind that simply waiting for an animal to come to you via bait or calls is a passive hunting strategy. Some big game such as bears, moose, elk, caribou and other such game will never come to you; you have to find them. What you need in this case is an active hunting strategy – you need to find where the game is, rather than having the game find you. Overwhelmingly, the method used by successful hunters is proper spoor identification.


No, spoor is not an acronym; spoor simply means any evidence of the prior presence of a game animal to include tracks, scat and environmental clues to its presence. Let’s look at each aspect of spoor independently:

1. Tracks

When most people think of finding animals, they think of tracking, which is the science of discerning characteristics about the animal by observing its tracks. Tracking, however, is only one aspect of spoor identification, albeit an important one. By looking at an animal’s tracks, you can discern:

  • The direction of travel of the animal.
  • The type of animal that left the tracks.
  • The approximate size and weight of the animal.
  • The number of animals present in the group, if there is more than one set of tracks.
  • How long ago the animal left the tracks.

All of the above might seem obvious, but for the beginner, it’s not an easy thing to determine, say, how old the tracks are. That skill takes lots of experience. More on that later…

2. Scat

Scat, or animal feces, tells much about the animal. Realize that animals must defecate as part of their digestive process, and thus leave abundant evidence of their presence. By looking and carefully observing animal scat, you can discern:

  • The type of animal that left the scat.
  • How long ago the animal left the scat.

Again, it takes experience to identify the above characteristics.

3. Environmental Clues

Perhaps the most underutilized aspect of spoor identification for novice hunters, experts are keen on the environmental clues that animals leave behind, such as:

  • Broken tree branches that signal where an animal went off a trail.
  • Evidence of an animal’s presence, such as scraped off tree bark or claw marks.
  • Evidence of an animal’s den or bedding area.

Experienced hunters use these clues as well as tracks and scat to be able to arrive at a complete picture of where the animal they are looking for happens to be.


If all of these skills seem elusive to you, or you think that these skills are reserved for only the keenest of African Safari hunters, you’re wrong; you can easily learn them by creating a spoor grid yourself. The easiest way to do this is to camp in the area which you plan to hunt in; spend a few days just taking in the area, and while you’re there, construct a spoor grid.

Spoor grids are the way you learn how to identify the age of spoor. Start by choosing an area by your campsite that will be undisturbed by other campers, a place that matches the setting in which you will hunt. Using a sharp stick or even construction tape, create a grid on the ground. Think of it as a rectangle that is broken up in to squares; try one row, and four columns first. When you are done with the grid, it should look like four squares side by side, of approximately 24” x 24”.

On day one of your camping, go ahead and step in the first square, leaving a track, an imprint of your own shoe. Then, take some branches that are growing in the area, break them, and put them in the grid. Finally, defecate in the first square, or have someone else do it. Make sure that the feces, branch, and tracks don’t touch each other. Repeat this process for each of the four days, being careful to not disturb the previous day’s grid.

At the end of day four, you will now have four days of tracks, four days of feces, and four days of broken branches. So what does this bizarre ritual accomplish? Well for starters, you get to see what four-day-old, three-day-old, two-day-old, and fresh tracks look like! Even though they are your shoes, you can still see how the imprint ages; by seeing these signs, you will get an idea of what an older animal track looks like. Same thing for the feces; you will clearly see the difference between fresh feces and four-day-old feces. Finally, you will see how broken branches age, and how you can immediately tell the difference in age by having the samples right beside each other.

Spoor grids are used by special forces units around the world to learn how to identify spoor in a controlled environment, and they give the novice tracker a method of comparing the age of spoor. Using this method, you can teach yourself to be proficient at identifying spoor very quickly, and very accurately.

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

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The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?


If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.

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does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.

The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?

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About The Ultimate Energizer guide

The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.

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The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.

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On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.

Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?

The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.

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The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.

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The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.

There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.

Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?

The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.

You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.

The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.

Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?

The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.

The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.

All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.

Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action


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