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Pig Facts Even Old MacDonald Should Know

Home Animals Pig Facts Even Old MacDonald Should Know

Ready to learn some interesting pig facts? Having your very own fresh roasts, sausage, chops, savory ham and dense slices of bacon are just a few reasons why there are people who prefer to raise pigs on their homestead.

So whether you’re a seasoned pig expert or simply curious about these animals, we can all agree that there is more to them than just rolling around in the mud. Read on to learn important pig facts!

What Does an Ideal Pig Look Like?

On average, a pig is around 200-­280 pounds. Pigs swiftly attain this weight once they are about six months in age. Since time and resources are a must when raising them, it is necessary to start with high quality, quick growing pigs. The best pigs characteristically have long torsos and deep sides. Their sides should also be lengthy as well as their overall appearance from head to tail. Good pigs are visibly meaty and have large shoulder and rear muscles.

Basic Pig Facts: What To Look For

You do not want to choose pigs that have large shoulder muscles and have light muscling at their rear that is the most valuable part of the pig. When you are looking at a pig from the rear, the widest area of the ham must be two-­thirds the distance from their surface. A pig’s loin should be thick and wide. Try and keep away from those that have wide at the top, but narrow at the bottom.

Other methods of muscling are viewing the length of their chest. Seeing it at a frontal point of view will show the length of their chest. Viewing a pig from the back will show you the width between their hind legs. Pigs that possess dense muscles stand wide at the rear and frontally. The best kind of pig is physically lean. Make sure to look at their belly and beneath their chin. Nothing should appear flabby, it should be trim. You also want a pig to be structurally sound. You want pigs that can easily saunter around their surrounding and show no indication of stiffness or lameness.

Pig Body Parts | Pig Facts Even Old MacDonald Should Know

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Pig Facts From The Beginning

While pigs are young, they are often weaned from sows by the time they reach six to eight weeks. This age is also the perfect time for them to be bought as meat, but ensure you get a weaner pig that is thick and long. If you happen to buy a weaner pig around forty pounds, it will need to gain about two pounds daily for pigs to meet market weight when they are about six months of age.

Know Their Roots

When you can, monitor the sow and boar that make the litter. You will want to know whether or not the previous litters met desirable market rate in six months. See if you can learn if the pigs put on one to two pounds daily when they are being fed. You might additionally want to know if the pig’s parents have desirable conformations. Remember to chat with a breeder about their potential growth rate; there are various popular pig breeds you could choose from if you want to have the best and quickest quality of meat.

Pig Types

The white, erect eared Yorkshire, the white, big-­eared Landrace, the white-­striped, black Hampshire, and the red Duroc are a few good breeds. Often, other pig breeds that are used end up being a cross of one of these breeds. If there is a financial complication when you are buying pigs, it is best to speak with a breeder if they have any “runts” available. More often than not, there will be one or a couple of them within the litter.

If you do get the babies, they are required to have around the clock feeding times until they are ready to consume solid foods. Young pigs reach that stage when they are about a month of age. Some breeders may give small pigs to buyers who can properly take care of them. Pigs that have excellent genetics will typically catch up in size along with their other, larger sized litter mates.

Healthy Pig | Pig Facts Even Old MacDonald Should Know

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Selecting the Perfect Pig

Having clean and healthy pigs are an absolute must for anyone looking to have a successful meat raising business of their own. Try consulting with the local veterinarian or county extension agent about common diseases that pigs could contract where you live. Choose your pigs wisely from breeders that have a sound healthcare program.

It is best not to give even a second look at pigs with runny noses, respiratory complications, diarrhea, or one that simply does not look lively. If there is a pig, that should be a breeding sow or boar, make sure you consider additional characteristics. Usually gilts, young female pigs, and male goats are often used for breeding when they reach eight months of age. Female pigs will have their very first litter when they are just a year old.

Also, before you buy any pig, check their underline. A normal pig should have two rows of at least six working teats. Make sure you take a look at how they walk and overlook any pig you see with excessively straight legs, a strange gait, and crooked legs. Pigs that possess any of these attributes may not have a very long or productive life that you wanted out of them.

Final Pig Facts

Since you will have to work with them on a daily basis, remember that you also want to pick pigs with a great temperament. So long as you use these pig facts to stay observant, complete a background check, and are careful before you buy pigs, you can be sure you will have desirable, healthy and fast growing animals. It is then that you will know you have selected “good pigs.”

Want to see how you can tell if you have a happy healthy pig? Watch this video from Illinois Farm Families:

Did you find out new facts about pigs that you didn’t know before? Let us know what you think in the comments below!

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?


Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.


  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients

Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips

Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt

Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage

Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar

Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar

You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band

Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

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Self Sufficiency


Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!


Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.


Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.


Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.


Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.


Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.


There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.


A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.


Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.


Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!




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