In lieu of the recent mini-blackout incident in New York City, over 73,000 people went from normal to pitch black in a split second. Many were left without power, stuck in elevators and dark subways. Daily life and tourism came to a halt. Luckily, power was restored fairly quickly and within hours the city was back to its normal fast pace.
So then what’s the big deal?
Well, unfortunately the infrastructure of our power grid is massively inundated and very outdated leaving it very vulnerable for big issues. Much of our updated workings are intermingled with the older ones and something very simple could cause a mass black out in a matter of seconds. Whether it be weather, cyber hackers or typical power issues, we are at risk. And that risk is higher than people want to admit.
If a mass blackout occurs, which is bound to happen, millions will instantly lose access to life giving resources without warning. You will lose access to your finances, your food sources, your power, gas, access to medications, transportation and even telecommunication lines. All lost, in seconds. With cyber-terrorists hacking away daily and weather being a constant wild card, it seems as though this could be a real crisis sooner than later. Being prepared could be a matter of life or death for you and your family. Don’t be scared, just get prepared. We have gathered some of the top items that are essential for your black out kit. Keep in mind to update these items every so often and check expiration dates. Otherwise, pack it up and store it somewhere that you and all members of the family are aware of and can access quickly, keeping in mind any hazards for small children.
You will need the following to get you started in the case of emergency:
1. Storage bin
You want something that can be grabbed and transported with stability and easily if you have to leave quickly.
You need a few flashlights. Have batteries already in the flashlight so it’s ready to be turned on immediately. A headlamp makes an excellent option, as well as having some glow sticks with string to wear as a necklace. Have all of these, You can’t over do it.
Take note, you need extra batteries and extra batteries for the extra batteries. The most common sizes are AA and AAA but be sure to check anything in your kit to make other sizes are not needed.
4. First Aid Kit
This should be equipped with gloves, bandages, tweezers, scissors, alcohol wipes, medical tape, gauze pads, antibiotic ointment, over the counter pain medications, tweezers and hydrocortisone cream. If you are on medications, having an extra set of them to store in there is wise.
You want to prepare for at least 3 days of nutrient dense food for you and your family. Be mindful that if you have kids, pack things they will easily eat. Some suggestions are granola bars, jerky, canned foods with can opener or pull-lids, nuts, dried fruits, seeds and easy packaged foods like oats and soups. If you have a baby, a can of formula is important. Also, remember to include dry food for your pets.
Hydration is a must in crisis situations. Keep as much water as you can easily carry with you. Sports drinks are also great because they help balance electrolytes. Be sure to pack enough for your pets and for baby bottles if needed.
7. Other Equipment
A few must haves we keep in our kit include a utility knife, candles and matches, a whistle, garbage bags, cooking pot and duct tape.
You’ll need dry clothing to meet seasonal needs and extra underwear and socks. Pack clothing in protective gallon zip bags to avoid them from getting wet or damaged.
9. Personal items
A few toiletries, deodorant, baby wipes, toilet paper, tampons/pads for women, diapers for babies will make a black out more comfortable.
Once the essentials are stashed, add some cash, a deck of cards, a board game, pen & paper, books. This may not be crucial for physical survival but can help many stay distracted and calm in stressful situations.
The truth is, it’s not a matter of “if” but more a matter of “when” we will see a crisis size black out. At this exact moment, how prepared are you for the when?
This Article Was First Found at survivallife.com Read The Original Article Here
This amazing stove combines ultimate personalization with leading technology to introduce high-end ranges that are sure to make a bold statement in any modern kitchen design. Engineered to suit both large and compact kitchens, newly designed stainless steel ranges feature patented innovations like the Star Burner with ExtraLow simmer.
This Article Was Originally Posted on goodshomedesign.com Read The Original Article here
When spending a significant amount of time outdoors, it is important to prepare for your water needs. When camping, hiking or just spending some time in the woods, you will need to consume about a gallon of healthy, clean water per day to keep yourself hydrated. The biggest downfall when finding water sources is that they can be unpredictable. Stagnant water is susceptible to bacteria growth, viruses, and even parasites. Having a couple of simple resources on hand will make this much easier and safer when consuming water retrieved in nature. In this article, we share our top four ways to clean your water.
4 Ways to Clean Your Drinking Water
1. Boiling Method
You will need a simple pot and some coffee filters as well as access to fire through either a stove or through building one of your own. When using this method, you will pour the water through the coffee filter into the pot to strain out any larger particles and then bring the water to a rolling boil for 1-3 minutes. This may not be the most convenient method but it’s an inexpensive and simple and effective option. You can find simple water kettles at any outdoor supply store. If you do not have a heat resistant container for boiling you can heat rocks over a fire and drop into the water.
2. Chemical Tablets
Using this method you can use either chlorine dioxide or iodine tablets/solution that will kill off the dangerous bacteria. You will still need to filter the water first, so those coffee filters will come in handy for this method also. They are safe, affordable, and effective however, they take about 30 minutes to do the job so you have to wait before drinking it. They also change the taste of the water and it’s not exactly pleasant. If you have any medical conditions, it is best to talk with your doctor before using these. You can order “Aquatabs” on Amazon.
3. Filters & Purifiers
These work similarly to one another by straining the water and capturing bacteria, protozoa, and other particles. Purifiers have a chemical component making them the most effective way to have the cleanest water possible but they can run a pretty penny also. You can find filters and purifiers in different systems from a filtration straw to water bottles and even water bags. Lifestraw is a reputable company that makes different methods.
4. UV Purifiers
These use ultraviolet light to kill bacteria, viruses, and protozoa quickly and effectively. You will need to filter the water first for pretty mucky water. Check out Steripens on Amazon.
Knowing the water sources you will be surrounded by is key to knowing the methods you should consider. It certainly won’t hurt to have some coffee filters or cheesecloth on hand for some manual straining and some chemical tablets for affordable, convenient and lightweight gear that won’t take up much room in your backpack. Remember, when in doubt, use one of these methods to clean your water.
This Article Was First Found at survivallife.com Read The Original Article Here
In 1961, Business Week magazine posed the question that was on many Americans’ minds: “to dig or not to dig?” President John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union were sparring, and a nervous world watched as the superpowers loomed on the brink of nuclear war. Publications as diverse as Yale Review and Good Housekeeping ran articles on fallout shelters.
As an article in Time Magazine put it, “At cocktail parties and PTA meeting and family dinners, on buses and commuter trains and around office watercoolers, talk turns to shelters.”
Fast forward nearly 60 years, and people still talk about shelters. While we may have replaced the term “fallout shelter” with the term “doomsday bunker” or simply “bunker,” we still struggle to find ways to keep ourselves and our families safe during and after a catastrophic human-made or natural disaster.
Is building a doomsday bunker a good idea? Let’s look at the pros and cons.
Doomsday Bunker Pros
A Place Of Safety – While some people advocate having a remote bug out location away from your home, traveling that distance in a time of quick upheaval could be a serious problem. You may have little or no warning, and roads may not be accessible. Building an underground shelter near your home means you can get to a place of safety quickly and easily.
Storm Protection – A doomsday bunker can offer below-the-ground protection from severe weather events such as hurricanes and tornadoes, which are becoming more commonplace these days.
Fire Protection – Sometimes fleeing by foot or by vehicle is not an option with a fast-moving fire. An underground bunker could save your life in this quickly-changing and deadly situation. (See below for the con of this one.)
More Privacy – While some communities offer public shelters for their residents, many people panic at the idea of being cooped up in close quarters with a bunch of strangers.
Storage for Food and Supplies – You can stockpile food, clothing, ammunition, medicines, and supplies in an underground bunker all year round. Properly constructed and insulated underground bunkers can provide stable temperatures and humidity.
Peace of Mind – Knowing you have a plan for your family’s whereabouts in the event of an emergency can lower your stress levels.
Doomsday Bunker Cons
Now, let’s examine the other side of the issue. In certain scenarios, doomsday bunkers could actually cause more harm than good. Consider the location of your shelter carefully. Two important don’ts to keep in mind are:
- Don’t build a shelter below sea level or on a flood plain or flood fringe, otherwise, you could be in serious danger of water damage or even drowning.
- Don’t build in areas with fault lines or where earthquake activity occurs.
Here are some other cons of doomsday shelters to think about.
Weak Entryway – By its very nature as an entrance and an exit, your main door is a weak spot. Although you can strengthen this entryway with locks and bars, it still is more vulnerable than the rest of the bunker.
Emergency Exit – Most bunker exits (if they even have one) are in close proximity to entrances. If an intruder has discovered your bunker, you may not have the chance to escape unobserved.
Getting Enough Oxygen – Most underground bunkers use an above-ground air tube to provide oxygen. The problem with these air tubes – sometimes called snorkels – is that they can be a visual giveaway to the shelter. Another drawback is that an intruder can block the airflow or, worse yet, send poisonous gas down the tube.
Gas Leaks – A sophisticated air filtration system is needed for protection from chemicals, radiation, and biological agents. Events that could cause you to use your underground shelter in the first place are the same ones that can produce the lethal gases that could build up and kill occupants due to a shelter’s poorly ventilated environment.
In an underground shelter, you need two air ventilation systems — one to filter the air and another to protect from dirt, debris, birds, rodents, and weather elements.
Not Defensible – Yes, an underground bunker can protect you from certain natural elements, but it is hard to defend from human attack. If your entryway is blocked, you could be trapped. In most cases, you will be unable to survey the terrain above you without revealing your hidden location. Surveillance systems are a possibility, but they add greatly to your overall costs and upkeep.
Water Damage – In addition to the potential of flooding from the underground water table, underground shelters are susceptible to sewer leaks or septic tank overflow.
Mold – A moist environment often means the potential for mold growth. In some cases, breathing in molds is toxic to humans.
Cave-In Potential – Surviving underground is not as simple as using an unused mine shaft or burying a shipping container. Subterranean structures are at risk of caving in with the potential of lethal results.
Fire Weakens Steel – Staying warm underground is a real concern. However, building a fire underground not only affects your oxygen supply, but it can weaken the integrity of steel construction over time.
Fire Risks – Living in close quarters with many flammable substances can pose a significant fire risk. Even if you have fire extinguishers on hand, you can lose precious oxygen putting out a fire in an underground shelter.
Additionally, using an underground shelter during a forest fire can be both a blessing and a curse depending on the shelter’s construction. An underground bunker that can withstand the intense heat of a fire requires specific design considerations. An improper design can create a deadly oven rather than a safe haven.
Corrosion – Wood shelters can deteriorate underground, and steel can corrode without proper procedures in place.
Waste Disposal – It is not fun to think about, but waste – both human waste and other garbage – disposal is a big problem with emergency bunkers. If you plan to bring it up for disposal, you run the risk of drawing attention to your location. If you keep it in your shelter, you are dealing with the possibility of infection.
Mental Distress – Claustrophobia is the fear of enclosed spaces, and it affects about seven percent of the world population. However, when combined with the fear that accompanies an emergency situation, anxiety can be a disastrous component of an emergency shelter. Keep in mind that you will be in close contact with others, with a lack of fresh food, sunlight, the ability to exercise and other familiar comforts.
Sunlight helps govern our circadian rhythm, which is essential for proper sleep and well-being. Being confined to a small space can lead to panic, which can result in increased heart rate, dizziness, and shortness of breath. These feelings can lead to poor judgment, which can affect your safety in a survival scenario.
When considering a doomsday shelter, it is critical to consider your purpose. While you can use a doomsday shelter for short-term emergencies, such as during a hurricane or tornado, it should be designed for the long haul – hence the word “doomsday” in the name.
You will need a sustainable water source and a long-term method for waste removal. You also will need a plan for power and, yes, for entertainment. Too often, doomsday planners, forget books and board games or even paper and pencil and a deck of cards. We humans go nuts without something to occupy our minds. Consider some forms of entertainment a need, not just a want, for a long-term survival situation.
If, after weighing the pros and cons, you decide to take the next step, check out these resources for determining your purpose and then your design.
- Underground Bunker Design and Size Considerations
- How to Build a Super Top Secret Bunker Under Your House
- Bomb Shelters | Pricing and Floor Plans
- How to Build a Bunker: Survivalist Guide to Building an Underground Shelter
Of course, if money is no roadblock, there are ways to get around most, if not all, of the problems listed in this article. Take a look at this underground fortress in Germany, for example.
According to a 2016 article in The Hollywood Reporter, an increase in mass shootings, terrorism, and divisive politics has spurred the desire for home security in general – and emergency shelters in particular – among the wealthy. The article describes the new emergency shelter of the 21st century as being thousands of square feet in size and 10 feet or more underground.
“Those who can afford to pull out all the stops for so-called self-preservation are doing so — in a fashion that goes way beyond the submerged corrugated metal units adopted by the reality show “preppers” — to prepare for anything from nuclear bombings to drastic climate-change events,” according to the article.
The upscale end of the bunker market includes actors, professional athletes, and politicians. The article reports that these high-end emergency bunkers can reach more than $8 million in design and building costs and include underground lighting for gardens, fitness rooms, and even theaters.
You May Also Like:
This article first appeared on urbansurvivalsite.com See it here
Consider a DIY longbow for your survival arsenal–efficient yet stealthy–and one you can build on our own, too! Check out the video tutorial below!
In this article:
- Prefer a Silent Weapon for Survival Situations
- A Gun vs a DIY Longbow
- DIY Longbow: The Making of a Silent Survival Weapon
How to Build a DIY Longbow from Scratch
Prefer a Silent Weapon for Survival Situations
There are very real monsters, in reality, we are powerless against and sometimes our only escape is stealth. Besides defensive situations, stealth is also necessary for offense and I mean getting to your monster, first.
I am also referring to getting food supply or hunting. Many of both big and small games are super sensitive to sound and will bolt at little sounds indicative of a hunter's presence.
This is why the primitive survivalists were effective hunters with the use of this ancient weapon–the bow and arrow. It has the element of nature in the bow and arrow which makes it perfect for hunting in the wild.
A Gun vs a DIY Longbow
Guns are hands down more effective in defense or offense, but when it comes to the question of availability, a DIY longbow takes a point.
With a gun, you don't know how long your ammo will last or when your gun will stop working. That is if you have a gun with you in the aftermath.
A good weapon you can make on your own from scratch is better than the best weapons you can only imagine. You can also weigh-in on the pros and cons of bows or guns, here.
DIY Longbow: The Making of a Silent Survival Weapon
A bow and arrow make a good addition to your survival stash. In survival scenarios where stealth is important, the bow and arrow are the weapons of choice indeed.
Not only is this duo effective in hunting, but it is also very quiet. You can also build a bow and arrow from materials found in your surroundings.
In this video from The Hunting Channel, you will find out how to make a longbow from scratch–a survival indeed.
A DIY longbow doesn't seem much but when you have nothing out there, it will mean the world so much. So before you get caught up in a survival situation consider learning a survival skill of making your own weapon–a DIY longbow!
What do you think of this DIY longbow guide? Is it a survival weapon you would consider for your own survival arsenal? Tell us all about it in the comments section below!
- Survival Life Hack – Measuring Draw Weight Without An Expensive Scale
- Native American Survival | What You Can Learn From These Experts
- How To Make Your Own Bow And Arrow
For awesome survival gear you can’t make at home, check out the Survival Life Store!
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on June 1, 2016, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
This Article Was First Found at survivallife.com Read The Original Article Here