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Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Mason jar beekeeping is ideal for small spaces. With a little bit of research and planning, even a common suburban backyard can be a perfect place for honey bees to build hives. You’ll just need a few supplies to get started: some wood, the bees, and, you guessed it, mason jars! There are many self-sustaining beekeepers these days. Perhaps, you’ll be one of them! Check out this post so you can get started on mason jar beekeeping.

DIY Mason Jar Beekeeping Tutorial

In this post:

Mason Jar Beekeeping: Structure 1

Mason Jar Beekeeping: Structure 1 | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

What You Need:

    • 1 piece thick plywood, where you insert the honey jars
    • 4 pieces of wood for the top frame, one inch in height
    • 4 wood panels for all sides the hive, height varies
    • Beehive bottom board
    • Brood box
    • Queen excluder
  • 12 wide-mouth mason jars
  • wood screws
  • bees

Note: The size of the structure varies, depending on the size of the beehive bottom board and brood box combined. You can customize as you please. But, the idea is the structure covers the hive like a box.

Step 1: Cut a piece of thick plywood.

Cut a piece of thick plywood | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Cut a piece of thick plywood | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

The plywood is ideally a bit smaller than the surface area of the brood box. Then, assemble 4 pieces of wood around the plywood, creating a frame around it. Screw everything together.

Note: Make sure the plywood is thick enough to carry the weight of the mason jars. Factor in the weight of the honey and the colony bees as well.

Step 2: Create the holes for the mason jars.

Create the holes for the mason jars | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Create the holes for the mason jars | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Trace one circle at the corner of the plywood using a mason jar lid. Then, with a hole saw, cut through the plywood to make the first hole. Cut inside the circle you traced, not outside, to ensure the hole is not too big. Find out if the mouth of the mason jar fits the hole snugly.

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After which, create more holes. Make sure they are not too close.

Step 3: Attach the wood panels.

Attach the wood panels | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Attach the wood panels | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide
large greenhouse

Before attaching the wood panels, assemble the hive first. Set the bottom board, followed by the brood box. Then, place the queen excluder at the top.

You can finally attach the wood panels and the frame. Once they are screwed together, the result is a box-like structure. The plywood with the holes is on top while the bottom is open.

Build your own #bee #hive for great tasting #honey

— Homesteading (@HomesteadingUSA) May 27, 2015

Step 4: Arrange the mason jars.

Arrange the mason jars | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Arrange the mason jars | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Arrange wide-mouth mason jars and make sure they all fit properly around the holes. You may need to add some shims to support the glass jar, so it won’t sag with the weight of the honey.

Step 5: Let the bees fill the jar with honey!

Let the bees fill the jar with honey! | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Let the bees fill the jar with honey! | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Put starter strips or empty combs inside the honey jars. Let the bees do their job filling the jar with honey. Once filled, you can pop the jar lids back to cover them.

Note: Remember to leave enough honey so that the bees survive in winter.

Mason Jar Beekeeping: Structure 2

What You Need:

  • 1 piece thick plywood, where you insert the jars
  • A beekeeping box (complete with honey supers, covers, brood box, etc.)
  • An empty super box

Step 1: Cut the plywood.

Make sure the plywood or wooden board is thick enough. The size is ideally the same as the surface area of the box of honey supers.

Step 2: Create the holes and arrange the mason jar.

Follow the second and the fourth step of the first structure above. Make sure the mason jars are snug around the holes.

Step 3: Assemble everything.

First, remove the queen excluder from the beekeeping box. Then, place the mason jars on top of the box of honey supers.

Step 4. Cover the hive.

Set an empty honey super box at the top, enclosing the glass jars from all sides. Then, place the lid of the beekeeping box on top of it. Covering the top ensures the bees won’t get inside and build hives in between the jars.

Tips for Mason Jar Beekeeping

Tips for Mason Jar Beekeeping  | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

Tips for Mason Jar Beekeeping  | Mason Jar Beekeeping Step-by-Step Guide

  • The jars will get hot easily because there is no ventilation. It is best to keep them away from the sunlight or put a screen over them.
  • Get bees from a farm. You can find one near you online.
  • To lure the bees into the jars, place a comb inside them.
  • Don’t allow your bees into the area surrounding the jars. Otherwise, they will build a mess for you to clean up, and they may decide it’s easier to construct combs between the jars rather than in the jars.
  • Always sanitize the mason jars before using them to keep your bees.
  • You can also insert the mason jar lid. Removing the jars from the board is easier with the lids on.
  • Take a beekeeping class if you’re an absolute novice.
  • Choose a bottom board with a screen to keep mites, like varroa mites, away.

Do you need more mason jar beekeeping tips? Watch this video from Shepherd School:

In mason jar beekeeping, the idea is not to create a beehive in a jar. The jars are only extensions to the honey supers, where the honey from the bees is collected. The whole process is challenging, especially for beginners. Sometimes, it will take the bees a long time before they get used to depositing honey inside the jars, but mason jar beekeeping really is possible. Once you master the process, the reward is truly awesome.

Are you going to give mason jar beekeeping a try? Let us know below in the comments!

Up Next: Best Bee Hive Plans | Build a Hive & Help the Bees

Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on March 26, 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

Disclaimer: All content on this site is for informational purposes only. Please read our full disclaimer here.

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?


Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.


  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients

Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips

Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt

Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage

Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar

Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar

You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band

Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

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Self Sufficiency


Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!


Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.


Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.


Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.


Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.


Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.


There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.


A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.


Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.


Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!




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