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How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Looking for a detailed guide on how to build an outdoor fireplace? The saying, “if you want something done right, do it yourself,” totally rings true to me. Being a self-proclaimed DIY-er, I pride in doing stuff in the homestead myself–well, I got some help from the family. “No man is an island” too, you know. It’s just those times when you pay for a project, it totally goes off the budget, and sometimes, it’s not even how you want it. I’m excited about this new outdoor project, a fireplace for the family to gather around and extend our outdoor hangouts. I’ve laid out the steps here on how to build an outdoor fireplace so you can have a pretty good idea about it too. Help yourself!

How to Build an Outdoor Fireplace | A Step-by-Step Guide

Materials:

  • 1,300 house bricks
  • 50 fire bricks
  • 150 concrete blocks
  • Muriatic acid (washer) and water
  • Wood (for support and molding) and bendable board
  • 75 bags mortar mix and fireclay or refractory mortar
  • 13×13″ ceramic flue pipe
  • Angle bar and steel bar
  • Sandcrete and pea gravel
  • Fireplace grate and a black pipe

Homesteading Tools:

  • Bricking trowel, brick jointer, and brick spacing rule
  • Tape measure, chalk, and strings
  • A regular level and a torpedo level
  • Rubber mallet
  • Acid wash brush, bucket, whisk broom, sponge, and hose
  • Drill, grinder, and crowbar
  • Bar Clamp
  • Wheelbarrow and industrial hoe

How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace

Step 1: Build the Foundation

Step 1: Build the Foundation | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
We start with the foundation if you want your wood burning fireplace outdoor on a permanent stable spot. To make this 27 inches deep by 52 inches wide and 46 inches tall (up to the mantlepiece), follow these steps and ideas to get started:

  • Pick the spot you want your outdoor fireplace plans situated, and the edge of a deck or patio would be ideal.
  • Dig 3 feet into the ground to make a rectangular hole, around 8 feet long by 2.5 feet wide.
  • Pour in 4 inches of concrete and lay in concrete blocks.
  • Put some pea pebbles and Sandcrete to make the foundation solid.
  • Get some 2″ by 2″ board and make four-foot wooden bars across each corner of the concrete.
  • Use the brick spacing wall to mark the wooden post where the strings will be tied.

Step 2: Lay the Bricks for the Wall

Step 2: Lay the Bricks for the Wall | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 2: Lay the Bricks for the Wall | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
You are now ready for laying bricks once the foundation is set. Mix some mortar to start laying bricks with these steps: Free Product Tester Wanted

  • Using the bricking trowel, spread some mortar mix on one corner of the foundation or concrete blocks and lay a brick with the good side out.
  • Push the brick down using either your fist or a rubber mallet.
  • Lay the bricks on top of each other around the edge of the foundation.
  • Scrape some of the mortar mix oozing out of the brick sandwiches to save on the mortar and make it neat.
  • You can use a brick jointer and run it along the brick joints for a clean finish.
  • Continue to lay bricks around the foundation except for the front.

Step 3: Install the Grill

Step 3: Install the Grill | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 3: Install the Grill | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
To install the grill, here are the steps:

  • When you’ve laid 3 stacks of bricks to the front, measure 26 inches from the center of the grill side to make the entrance for the grill door.
  • Make the frame for the grill entrance with a height of 35 inches tall, set it in place, and start laying bricks around it.
  • To lay bricks for the upper part of the entrance, lay an angle bar across two sides for support.
  • For the top part which are called soldiers, cut bricks in half and lay them standing on top of the last bricks applied.
  • Take out your box grill and take them apart.
  • Mount the doors to the entrance and simply install the grill.
  • Use stone slabs or slates to cover either side of the grill and attach the knobs for the fire valves.

Step 4: Build the Firebox

Step 4: Build the Firebox | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 4: Build the Firebox | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
For the fireplace or firebox, measure 29 by 29 inches from the base to the base of the arch to make the entrance. We will be using firebricks and fireclay or refractory mortar so it withstands intense heat. Follow the steps below:

  • Mix some fire clay or you can also buy a ready-mix one.
  • Lay firebricks on the base of the fireplace to the side or walls of the box.
  • You can use a sponge steeped in water to clean off excess mortar.
  • Continue laying bricks, adding 8 inches more to make the smoke chamber.

Step 5: Install the Chimney Pipe

Step 5: Install the Chimney Pipe | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 5: Install the Chimney Pipe | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
Before building the arch for the fireplace entrance, we will see the chimney pipe first. Follow these ideas and steps:

  • Set an angle bar across the fireplace interior.
  • Get a 2 feet tall, 13″ by 13″ ceramic flue pipe and set it on top of the angle bar and the back side of the fireplace.
  • Cover the holes on either side of the ceramic pipe with firebricks or concrete blocks.
  • Use some fire clay to seal the holes and spaces on the smoke chamber roof.

Step 6: Build the Fireplace Entrance Arch

Step 6: Build the Fireplace Entrance Arch | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 6: Build the Fireplace Entrance Arch | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
For a good old fireplace design, an arch for the entrance would be ideal and stylish. This is how we do it:

  • Use a plywood and any bendable material to make the frame by tracing a curve in the plywood.
  • Attach the curve to the fireplace entrance frame and lay a pliable board on top to make the support.
  • Lay bricks that are cut in half in standing position over the curve frame.
  • Leave the bricks to dry for a few days before removing the frame.
  • Use a tile saw to cut the triangular pieces that will fit in with the arch.
  • Lay more bricks to make the roof of the fireplace and add another lentil to support the mantelpiece which we will discuss later.

Step 7: Build the Chimney

Step 7: Build the Chimney | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 7: Build the Chimney | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
We’re almost done and for this step, we will be working on the upper portion of the chimney pipe and the fireplace.

  • Set another ceramic flue pipe on top of the first one and connect it nicely with refractory mortar.
  • Lay more bricks on top of the fireplace and around the ceramic pipe to make the chimney top or roof.
  • You can add 10 more layers of bricks from the mantelpiece.
  • To make the cathedral shape roof, continue with layering the bricks and cut the side later.
  • For the sides of the fireplace roof, make sure to apply the triangular bricks first before you start with the roof. This will hold the other bricks in place.

Step 8: Do the Acid Washing

Step 8: Do the Acid Washing | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 8: Do the Acid Washing | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills
A project isn’t done yet without cleaning and finishing. Want more homesteading tricks, tips and tidbits? Click here to sign up NOW! We'll even throw in some FREE Survival Seeds Playing Cards!

  • Combine half a gallon of muriatic acid to 2 gallons of water, use this to clean up the bricks.
  • Use a whisk broom to clean up the fireplace and let it dry for a few minutes.
  • Hose it with water and if seems to need more cleaning, apply the muriatic acid solution again.

Step 9: Fire Starter and Finishing Touches

Step 9: Fire Starter and Finishing Touches | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

Step 9: Fire Starter and Finishing Touches | How To Build An Outdoor Fireplace | Homesteading DIY Skills

We’re finally done and the last thing we need to make is the fire starter, complete the flooring, and add a mantlepiece. To do these, just follow the steps below:

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  • Drill about 6 or 7 holes to your black pipe.
  • Attach the gas tank to the fire grill and test fire.
  • For the flooring, use the same bricks and install as you would install tiles.
  • Add a stone board on top of the arch to make the mantlepiece.
  • Add decorations above the mantelpiece like a tile design of your own insignia.
  • Insert the fireplace grate inside, and we’re done!

Follow the step-by-step guide on how to build an outdoor fireplace and watch this video by HowToLou for a live tutorial:

There you go, self-sufficient DIY-ers! Now you know or got a pretty good idea how to build an outdoor fireplace. Get planning, set a date, gather your homesteading tools, and get your family to help you out finish this project using this guide on how to build an outdoor fireplace!

Will you give this DIY outdoor fireplace a try? We’d be delighted to hear your thoughts about this in the comments section below!

Up Next: DIY Shed | Budget Homesteading Project

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This post was originally published on June 7, 2015 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?

|

Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.

Ingredients:

  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients



Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips



Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt



Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage



Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar



Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar



You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band



Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? Write for us!

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Self Sufficiency

9 SPRING VEGETABLES FOR YOUR GARDEN

Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!

Tomato

Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.

Eggplant

Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.

Beets

Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.

Spinach

Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.

Pea

Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.

Carrot

There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.

Radish

A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.

Asparagus

Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!

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