One thing that native people are well known for is that they not only believed, but practiced the old “waste not, want not” theory. Indigenous people had a tremendous respect for life and did not believe in killing for sport. This means that when they killed animals, they took great care to use as much as possible.
Of course, this wasn’t always possible. If a buffalo kill was large, such as several dozen buffalo that were run off a cliff, there would be far more bones and internal organs than could be used. In general, however, native people made sure that very little went to waste. This ensured survival of indigenous people because it ensured the survival of the species they hunted.
Start From the Outside In
The most obvious items taken and used were the skins or hides. In cold months these could be frozen and tanned later; otherwise, they were quickly skinned and tanned for clothing, shoes, blankets, teepee covers, you name it. Rawhide (the hair removed) was even more versatile as it could be used for making belts, snowshoes, moccasin soles, water troughs for horses or hide tanning, quivers, shields, buckets, drums and even rafts!
The skin on the head of male buffalos was extremely hard. Native people often used it as a bowl. Even animals that appeared to have no “hide” to use, such as birds or porcupines, were still found to have a use. The quills of porcupines were saved and flattened to make decorations. Bird feathers could be used as decoration, to add balance to arrows, and to stuff pillows or line moccasins for extra insulation.
Hooves were, depending on the animal, sometimes saved and used as bowls or scoops, as well as wind chimes or rattles when they were not boiled down to make a type of sausage. The same with horns. Buffalo horns could be made into a type of whistle, used as a “bag” to carry or store items (such as embers from a fire), and sometimes served as ladles or serving dishes.
On average, a male buffalo could provide up to 400 pounds of meat if nothing spoiled. This does not include organ meat, which was usually consumed first. Brains could be eaten, but were usually saved for tanning the hide. The tongue, liver and heart were considered choice meats. The lungs were often cut into pieces and dried. They would later be used in soups or stews. Blood was also used for stews or as paint. Even teeth were used for decorations.
Image source: Wikipedia
Fat was often used for cooking, frying, tanning hides and for beauty purposes. Once rendered, fat was used for pemmican, body “lotion,” and hair dressing. Some tribes tell how, in extremely cold weather, they would put a layer of fat (bear fat was especially prized for this) on their skin before dressing, to act as another level of protection and warmth.
Tails from buffalo were used for knife sheaths, decorations, whips, fly swatters, or even made into toys for children.
Digging a Bit Deeper
Once the outside parts were removed, the native people could remove and use other parts as needed.
The stomachs of buffalo and deer, especially if they were full or nearly full of grass, were often boiled with some water, eyes, and some meat to make a stew. Sometimes the Shaman of the tribe would keep some of the stomach contents to use as medicine. Other times, stomachs were cleaned, dried and used to store or carry water. The scrotum of bull buffalo were also used as containers or made into rattles.
Bladders were very useful items to indigenous people. They were used as medicine, and made into bags for food, water or medicine bags.
Last but not Least
After everything else was stripped away, there were still items that could be used.
Tendons and sinew were used to make thread, strings for bows and ties for arrows. When rendered, sinew made excellent stitches for wounds.
The skull from buffalos had many uses. These were used in ceremonies, such as The Sun Dance, by the Lakota, used in trade, painted for decoration, or if they had been broken, they could be used as tools to remove the hair from hides.
Shoulder bones from deer, moose, elk and buffalo were also excellent tools. These were used as cooking spoons and as scrapers when preparing hides for tanning.
Foot bones were used to make toy buffalos, or teething objects for infants. Various bones were used for just about anything you can imagine: combs, paint brushes, necklaces, wind chimes, spoons, stirring tools, knives, spears, breast plates, flutes and digging tools, to name a few.
Rib bones made terrific arrow shafts or runners for “sleds.” Even bone slivers were valuable, as they were used for making needles to sew clothing, bags, quivers and moccasins together using sinew or tendons for “thread.”
Bones from other animals, such as hawks or eagles, were too hollow and weak for other purposes, but they made excellent whistles.
There appears to be no end to the uses that native people found in animal parts.
Turtle shells were used to make rattles, pots, bowls, calendars and bags.
Deer or elk antlers were often carved into buttons and beads, or used as awls.
The castor oil from beavers was prized for making things waterproof. Castor oil was used for moccasins, teepee coverings, and to seal rafts or other items that are used in water.
Even some parts that you wouldn’t normally even consider, including buffalo “chips,” were put to use. Dried dung from herbivores, such as deer and buffalo, was collected and used as fuel for fires. Contrary to what you might think, there really is no smell — just the scent of burning grass.
Whether it was for clothing, shelter, food or decoration, native people considered their animals as a rich harvest that provided them with everything they could need and more.
Do you know of other uses for animal remains? Share your tips in the section below:
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NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls
New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.
The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.
The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.
“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”
The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?
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The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?
About The Ultimate Energizer guide
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Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer
I’ve created this honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.
It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.
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Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?
The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.
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The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.
Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program
The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.
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The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.
You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.
The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.
Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?
The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.
The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.
All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.
Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action
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