The three centuries which followed the Macedonian conquest of Asia,
from the death of Alexander the Great to the fall of the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt,
are perhaps the most thrilling of all periods of ancient history.
—Peter Thonemann, The Hellenistic Age (2016)
The Hellenistic Age
Alexander’s conquests had merged the Hellenic world with the decaying Persian Empire, expanding it and giving it new life. The Greek language, Greek literature, philosophy, and Greek political order spread all over the known world. Polis gave way to kosmos–polis, a universal city-state or “empire” in terms of which all men could find definition and meaning. But Alexander died at 33, and his generals ripped the empire into four parts. The Hellenistic Age began.
Alexander. Image source: Wikimedia
The intellectual hub of all of this was Alexandria in Egypt. There, a fully staffed library and museum gave mathematicians and natural philosophers funding as well as room to record, expand, and apply the learning of the ancients. Alexandria was also the birthplace of the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament.
The philosophies that dominated this age quickly proved hopeless dead ends. The Cynics spoke of virtue as mere self-sufficiency, possessions, and social ties. The Epicureans sought comfort in inner serenity and turned their backs on whatever gods the others had. The Skeptics completely gave up on epistemology. They argued that we can’t know anything that lies behind sense experience. The Stoics, a bit more hopeful, confessed a universe wholly determined by the Reason (Logos). Here, at least, was some hope for a universal or natural law accessible to all reasonable men. But in the end, it, too, proved hopeless, lacking clarity and codification.
The mindset and culture that existed within this political and philosophical framework struggled with both disillusionment and apathy, often veering wildly into the irrational. Belief in an all-controlling Fortune was common. So was belief in astrology. Many turned to magic as if it were one of the more practical sciences. Finally, many sought salvation through the myriad of mystery cults. Intellectually and spiritually, the Hellenistic Age was bankrupt … very much like our own.
Waiting For The Messiah
Throughout the Hellenistic world, however, there was a scattered people who were eagerly awaiting a whole new world. The Jewish people were waiting for their Messiah. They were waiting for the Kingdom of God and the outpouring of His Spirit. As the years passed, they searched their sacred scrolls and watched the prophetic clock tick away its hours. Isaiah had talked about a Persian named Cyrus 170 years before he conquered Babylon (Isa. 44:28; 45:1). Zechariah had charted the course of Alexander’s conquests (Zech. 9). And Daniel’s prophecies, though a bit fuzzy, were at least easy enough to follow in their broad outlines.
The prophecy of the “Metal Man” in Daniel 2 set the timeline for the Messiah in terms of the rise and fall of four world-kingdoms: Golden Babylon, Argent Persian, Brazen Greece, and Iron Rome … followed at last by the Kingdom God. The prophecy of the 70 Weeks in Daniel 9 marked out that same timeline in weeks of years: 70 “weeks” or 490 years from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. And the detailed prophecies of Daniel 11-12 spelled out the details of the political and military rivalries that would engulf Judea and Jerusalem, from Alexander’s death until the coming of Israel’s King.
Specifically, Daniel 11 describes the latter days of the Old Covenant in terms of the ongoing conflict between the kingdoms to the north and south of Judea. The Seleucid kingdom of Syria and Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt. The kings of both dynasties are well-known to secular history, and over the centuries this familiarity has led unbelievers to condemn “Daniel” as a pseudo-prophet writing after the fact. How else, they ask, could his descriptions of political and military history be so exact? Such accuracy would require divine omniscience, after all!
The Abomination That Desolates
There are two periods within the Hellenistic Age to which Daniel’s prophecies give special attention. The first is the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes and the second is the battle of Actium and rise of the Herodian dynasty. Both culminated in times of great tribulation for the Jewish people.
Antiochus IV. Image source: Wikimedia
Antiochus IV (215-164 BC) was the eighth of the Seleucid kings. He called himself “Epiphanes”or “God manifest.” His enemies called him “Epimanes” or “the Mad One.”
In 170 BC, after a successful campaign against Egypt, he seized Jerusalem, “made a great massacre,” and plundered the Temple of all its treasures. Two years later, after Roman intervention prevented another move on Egypt, Antiochus turned his wrath more fully against the Jewish people (Daniel 11:29-30). Again his armies occupied Jerusalem and slaughtered its inhabitants. Antiochus even set up an idol-altar in the Temple and sacrificed to Zeus, the culmination of what Daniel calls “the abomination that makes desolate” (Daniel 11:31). He put an end to the Temple ritual and forbade the Jews to observe the Mosaic Law. He made circumcision and sabbath observance capital crimes. He ordered the Jewish people to surrender all copies of Scripture to be burned.
Antiochus’s tyranny eventually provoked opposition. Mattathias the priest and his sons, latter called the Maccabees, eventually led a successful revolt against Syria (Dan. 11:32-35). This Maccabean Revolt recovered religious and civil liberty for the Jewish people, though in stages. Judas Maccabeus recovered Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple (165 BC). This rededication is still commemorated today in the Jewish festival of Hanukkah. Political independence came 23 years later, and the Jewish people were able to maintain it for some 70 years.
The Willful King
Herod. Image source: Wikimedia
The secular histories tell us that Rome gained control of Judea when two feuding Maccabean princes, brothers, invited Pompey to settle their quarrel. The Roman armies came and stayed, and Judea became a Roman province. A few years later, the Roman Senate, at the insistence of Marc Antony, declared Herod (the son of Antipater the Idumean) king of Judea. This is where Daniel’s prophecy picks up … with a king “who shall do according to his will” and “speak marvelous things against the God of gods” (Dan. 11:36). Scholar Alfred Edersheim describes Herod with these words:
Cunning, ambitious, bold, and energetic, he was equally hated and feared by his subjects. The two distinguishing features of his character and government were the most unrelenting cruelty, which sacrificed even those nearest to him to the slightest suspicion, and a magnificence which induced him everywhere to raise lasting monuments to himself.
The backdrop for Herod’s rise to power was the struggle for control of Rome that followed the assassination of Julius Caesar. Octavian and Marc Antony divided the emerging Roman Empire between themselves: Octavian took the west, Antony the east. Antony allied himself with Caesar’s former mistress, Cleopatra, the last of the Ptolemaic dynasty. What began as reciprocal distrust and a propaganda war quickly exploded into military conflict. The key battle was fought off the coast of Actium (31 BC). When things got hot, Cleopatra withdrew and Antony followed—all the way back to Egypt. Octavian pursued, moving his forces by land through Palestine (Dan. 11:40-41).
Herod eventually met Octavian, even though he had originally sided with Marc Antony against Octavian. But Herod, always the master politician, was able to ingratiate himself to Octavian and gain his political support depite the fact he was previously fighting against him. Octavian continued into Egypt, only to find both Antony and Cleopatra already dead by their own hands (Dan. 11:42-43). Octavian took control of Egypt, returned to Rome, and there declared himself Caesar Augustus. The Roman Empire had come of age. With Octavian’s blessing, Herod the Great was now on the throne of Judea (Dan. 11:45).
The advent of the Messiah was less than 30 years away.
This Article Was Originally Posted On offthegridnews.com Read the Original Article here
NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls
New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.
The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.
The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.
“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”
The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?
If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.
This brings us to the review of the ultimate energizer guide. This is a program that provides users with classified information on how to build a free energy generator. But can the program really make you achieve this?
does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.
The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?
About The Ultimate Energizer guide
The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.
The ultimate energizer causes you to be calm about the electricity bill. This well ordered guide shows you how to manufacture this claim “home energy gadget” today impeccably. This will dispose of your energy charge ensured.
It is lost to the earth which means we need to really take care of it in order to reduce the cost of energy bills which introduces the ultimate energizer guide.
About The Ultimate Energizer Creator
The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.
In this post, we will review the ultimate energizer whose creator claimed to offer a way through which you can generate non-stop current. According to the author, you can drop down your electricity bills by 80%.
Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.
Features of The Ultimate Energizer
The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.
You can find here, a extensive review which highlights all the important features and performance criteria of the ultimate energizer. Use of the the ultimate energizer is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed in a short time; you have complete control over it. 100% money back guarantee shows that the ultimate energizer really works. The ultimate energizer gives full customer support for 7/24/365, also, features, credibility and the ultimate energizer’s ease of use are favorably satisfied by the buyers.
Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.
Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer
I’ve created this honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.
It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.
On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.
Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?
The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.
But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.
The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.
Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program
The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.
There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.
Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?
The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.
You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.
The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.
Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?
The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.
The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.
All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.
Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action
Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!
Get Two Pocket Air Pros Worth $99.00 FREE With Your Purchase Of A Pocket Power
Even Better: We’ve also lowered the price of the Pocket Power X. Great Gear, Great Price.
Offer ends on Monday at midnight!
The post <span style="color:#ff0000">Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!</span> appeared first on Off The Grid News.
This Article Was Originally Posted On offthegridnews.com Read the Original Article here
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Make a Powerful Mini Foundry
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a Cabin in 7days for Under $5k
- DIY4 years ago
Try these Cute Christmas Rock Painting ideas for Kids
- DIY6 years ago
Pillow Floor Lounger
- Uncategorized4 years ago
Bug Out Cabin Tips | How To Build The Ultimate Survival Shelter
- DIY6 years ago
15 DIY PVC Projects You’ll Love
- DIY6 years ago
How To Make An Outdoor Kitchen Upcycled Pallet Outdoor Grill
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a 16 Brick Rocket Stove