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Garden Pests and How to Manage Them (Infographic)

Home Garden Garden Pests and How to Manage Them (Infographic)

Want to know what the common garden pests are and how you can get rid of them? This is the infographic for you!

Common Garden Pests and How to Manage Them

Living at a homestead makes it a guarantee that you’ll encounter more bugs than you probably want to. Some are beneficial and some are, well, pests. It doesn’t really end with bugs, you also have your worms and other pesky critters. So if you want to find out which ones are good and bad and what you can do to get rid of them, get more information with this infographic!

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Common Garden Pests and How to Manage Them

Thank you Fix.com for this lovely Garden Pest InfographicClick to Enlarge

Getting Rid of Garden Pests

Which insects benefit your garden?

Get to know which is a friend and which one is a foe!

Say “Yes” to these helpful bugs:

Bees

  • Bees
  • Ladybugs
  • Spiders
  • Green Lacewings
  • Praying Mantis
  • Ground Beetles
  • Small Pirate Bugs
  • Predator Flies
  • Parasitic Wasps
  • Centipedes
  • Earwigs
  • Ants

Keep these pests out:

Cabbage Worm

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  • Tomato Horn Worms
  • Cabbage Worms
  • Cabbage Moths
  • Mites
  • Slugs and Snails
  • Cutworms
  • Flea Beetles
  • White Flies and Aphids
  • Carrot Rust Flies
  • Squash Vine Borers
  • Mexican Bean Beetles
  • Parsley Worms

What’s Eating My Plant?

How to recognize common pests by leaf damage they cause.

Aphids

Garden Pests

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LEAF DAMAGE: Deformed leaves, sucking damage.

Thrips and mites

Pests in the Garden

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LEAF DAMAGE: Discolored leaves, sucking damage

Beetles, caterpillars and sawflies

Pest Bettles

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LEAF DAMAGE: Chewed or skeletonized leaves

Cynipid wasps, certain aphids, psyllids, and mites

Leaf Deformity

LEAF DAMAGE: Leaf galls (abnormal plant growths)

Beetle, fly or moth larvae

Garden Pest

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LEAF DAMAGE: Leaf mines (white patterns on leaves)

Caterpillars, tree crickets and spiders

Spiders

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LEAF DAMAGE: Folded leaves

Certain mites or some caterpillars

Caterpillar on Leaves | Garden Pests and How to Manage Them

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LEAF DAMAGE: Rolled Leaves

Slugs and snails

Slugs on Leaves | Garden Pests and How to Manage Them

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LEAF DAMAGE: Chewed leaves, slime trails.

Plants That Naturally Repel Pests

Now that you know what you’re dealing with. It’s time to find out how to repel them the natural way.

Marigolds

Marigold Flower

TO REPEL: mosquitoes, aphids

Nasturtiums

Nasturtium Flower

TO REPEL: Whiteflies, cabbage loopers, aphids, many beetles, squash bugs

Petunias

Petunia Flower

TO REPEL: Aphids, asparagus beetles, leafhoppers, squash bugs, tomato hornworms

Basil

growing basil indoors

TO REPEL: Houseflies, mosquitoes

Lavender

Lavender

TO REPEL: Moths, fleas, flies, mosquitoes

Lemongrass, Lemon Thyme, Lemon Balm, Mint, Rosemary

Rosemary Plant

Rosemary

TO REPEL: Mosquitoes

Thyme

Thyme

TO REPEL: Whiteflies, cabbage loopers, cabbage maggots, corn earworms, whiteflies, tomato hornworms

Dill

use Dill Plant to repel garden pests

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TO REPEL: Aphids, squash bugs, spider mites, cabbage loopers, tomato hornworms

Also See: 5 Basic Gardening Tips & Tricks

Easy, Safe, Kitchen Remedies to Get a Handle on Garden Pests

Not only can you use certain plants to repel these pests, you can also use some stuff from the kitchen to manage them.

Cinnamon for Fungus

use cinammon to repel garden pests

Sprinkle on seedlings affected by damping-off disease (a fungus that proliferates in the damp seedling environment and attacks and kills the young stems and roots).

Garlic for All Insect Pests

use garlic to repel garden pests

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Make a garlic plant spray by pureeing two bulbs of garlic. Pour 1/2 cup boiling water over garlic, cover, and steep overnight. Strain, put in a spray bottle. Spray the bottoms of leaves daily, every few days, or once per week.

Orange and Banana Peels for Ants and Aphids

use orange and banana peels to repel ants and aphids in your garden

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Orange peels contain d-Limonene, which breaks down the waxy coating on ants and aphids and kills them. Cut up peels and bury one to two inches deep in soil. Alternatively, scatter peels around stems or hang from branches.

Milk for Mildew

Use milk to combat mildew in your garden

Mix with equal parts water and apply to tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, and other plants to control mildew.

Apple Cider Vinegar for Aphids and Fruit Flies

use Apple Cider Vinegar to repel garden pests

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Put a small amount of apple cider vinegar in a jar next to plants. Aphids and fruit flies will be attracted, fall in, and drown.

Hot Peppers or Ginger for All Insect Pests (also deters rodents)

use Ginger to repel garden pests

Fresh Ginger

Both contain capsaicin, which burns insects. Combine 1 quart of water, 1 squirt of castile soap, and 1 tablespoon of cayenne pepper or ginger. Try on a small portion of plant first. Dilute further if it causes leaf damage.

Baking Soda for Fungus

use Baking Soda to repel garden pests

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Mix 3 tablespoons in a quart of water and put in a spray bottle. Spray plants every few days until the fungus is gone.

Beer for Snails and Slugs

you can use beer to repel slugs and snails from your garden

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Put a little beer in a shallow container and place it in the garden. Slugs and snails crawl in, but can’t crawl out.

Castile Soap for Aphids, Spider Flies, White Flies

use Castile Soap to repel aphids and flies from your garden

via the CRUNCHY Urbanite

Mix 5 tablespoons soap with 1 gallon of water. Test on small portion. If the solution damages the foliage, dilute further.

Eggshells for Slugs, Cutworms, other Insects

use Eggshells to repel slugs and other pests from your garden

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Crush shells and sprinkle them on top of the soil around stems. Slugs, cutworms, and other insects are repelled by the sharp edges.

Do you think you’ll be giving these tips and tricks a try? Let us know below in the comments! :)

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Want more natural pest control? Get more ideas here:

Urban Farming | Natural Pest Control

Natural pest control

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Self Sufficiency

NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?

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Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.

Ingredients:

  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients



Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips



Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt



Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage



Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar



Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar



You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band



Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? Write for us!

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Self Sufficiency

9 SPRING VEGETABLES FOR YOUR GARDEN

Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!

Tomato

Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.

Eggplant

Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.

Beets

Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.

Spinach

Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.

Pea

Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.

Carrot

There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.

Radish

A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.

Asparagus

Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!

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