A Mighty Fortress is Luther’s greatest hymn.
God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. Therefore we will not fear. . . The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress.
—Psalm 46:1-2, 7, 11
As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.
A Song of Victory
It was a gray morning in September. Fog hid the enemy, but they were there, just across the field.
The king commanded his men to kneel. The king too fell to his knees and lifted up his prayer to the Lord of hosts, the God of all battles. As he concluded, the whole army thundered back with conviction:
A mighty fortress is our God,
a bulwark never failing;
our helper he, amid the flood
of mortal ills prevailing.
When the hymn died away, the king, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, mounted his white charger and called out to his troops. He told them to remember that they fought for God, country, and king. And with that, the Snow King of Sweden led his men onto the field to save the German Reformation. That field was Breitenfeld, just north of Leipzig.
So tradition recalls the matter. Primary sources aren’t very reliable. But “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God” became the battle anthem for the Swedish Protestants during the rest of the Thirty Years’ War. The truth is, it became a battle hymn for the most Reformation churches at that time.
The History of the Hymn
Given the importance of the hymn, it’s strange that history has forgotten the exact time and circumstances of its composition. Almost all scholars agree that Martin Luther, the firebrand of the German Reformation wrote the words. Luther took Psalm 46 as a point of departure, but rather than paraphrase the whole psalm, he moved his hymn into the fullness of New Testament revelation with a particular emphasis on material in John’s gospel.
The music, too, was Luther’s. He had a long acquaintance with vocal and instrumental music. “Luther earned money to pay his school fees by singing in the streets of Eisenach. He played the lute, and singing always was an important part of his life.” In his later years, Luther “wrote several original hymns and melodies, revised many Latin hymns to German texts set to adaptations of plainsong and folk melodies and encouraged the composition of new texts and rhythmic hymn melodies. His thirty-seven hymns are written in simple, plain, and sometimes rough phrases and striking metaphors, qualities are mostly, lost in English translations.”
The exact circumstances of the hymn’s composition remain obscure, however. This hasn’t kept scholars from offering various and passionate speculations.
The Devils At Worms
Some have said Luther wrote “A Mighty Fortress” while he was on his way to stand before Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in1521. It was on that occasion that Luther wrote to his good friend Spalatin, “Were there as many devils at Worms as there are tiles on the roofs of the houses, I would go in.” The third verse of “A Mighty Fortress” says something similar:
And though this world, with devils filled,
should threaten to undo us,
we will not fear, for God has willed
his truth to triumph through us.
A Mighty Fortress Goes Missing
But three years after the diet of Worms, Luther’s hymns went to print and “A Mighty Fortress” wasn’t among them. About the same time, the citizens of Magdeburg met for a marathon songfest to protest Roman Catholic rule. These faithful Lutherans sang Luther’s hymns for hours and hours, but “A Mighty Fortress” wasn’t among their choices either.
Other scholars have pointed to Luther’s debate with Zwingli over Christ’s presence in the Supper and have connected the words “one little word will fell him” with the words of institution (“This is My body”). But the line “above all earthly powers,” if not a reference to Jesus Himself, is a claim to Jesus’s divine authority. In fact, Luther may be alluding to Jesus’ arrest, when His simple words, “I am he,” sent the crowd hurtling backward to the ground. Luther wrote:
Under the papacy, these words [I am he] were forgotten. . . Yet in the same way in which Christ casts to earth with a single word such a large company of the soldiers and temple servants, so his merit and suffering will drive back the merit and suffering of all humankind: so that his suffering alone grants us salvation before God.
Others scholars, searching for the hymn’s origin, have suggested the Diet of Speyer in 1529 or the Diet of Augsburg in1530, both confrontations with profound results for the Reformation. But the hymn was already in circulation early in 1528. Still, others have looked to an outbreak of the plague in 1527 or the death of Luther’s own daughter that same year.
A Hymn of Comfort
Whatever the specific occasion of composition, my guess is that Luther was thinking more of the personal comfort that Christians have in the gospel than he was the gospel’s final victory in history.
A heading from an old broadsheet (something similar to modern sheet music) of “A Mighty Fortress” published in Augsburg in 1529 reads “A Hymn of Comfort.”
And the hymn provides great comfort though some of this comfort seems “locked” in Luther’s original German language version. For instance, in the original, the opening line describes God not merely as a defensive fortress a defense, but also as a weapon. He is our helper … “helps us get free” … from every misery.
At the same time, Luther rejects any confidence in the flesh: “With our power, nothing is accomplished.” Only Christ is our hope. He is the Lord of hosts (Lord Sabaoth) and “there is no other God.” He is the Victor and “The kingdom must remain for us.”
If only a few letters, “I am he,” can overthrow the agents of evil that have come to capture God’s champion, how much more powerful is the Word of God in its entirety. Luther’s hymn places the appointment of the champion to combat the world and its many devils—Jesus Christ—at its heart. The final verse of the hymn is a natural development of the theme of the efficacy of both the Incarnate Word in history and also the preached Word in its contemporary setting.
“A Mighty Fortress” became the battle hymn of the Reformation precisely because it spoke the comfort of the gospel to the human soul. It promised victory, not only against personal temptation but against all of the enemy’s designs. It held up Jesus Christ as the Lord of hosts. They sang the hymn…
At Augsburg during the Diet, in all the churches of Saxony, often against the protest of the priest. They sang it in the streets; and, so heard, comforted the hearts of Melanchthon, Jonas, and Cruciger, as they entered Weimar when banished from Wittenberg in 1547. Poor Protestant emigrants sang it on their way into exile, and by martyrs at their death. It is woven into the web of the history of the Reformation times, and it became the true national hymn of Protestant Germany.
And as tradition tells us, “Gustavus Adolphus ordered it sung by his army before the battle of Leipzig in 1631… Again, it was the battle hymn of his army at Lützen, in 1632, in which the King was slain, but his army won the victory.”
Indeed, “A Mighty Fortress” is a hymn of profound spiritual victory. It’s also a hymn of comprehensive cultural triumph, emphasizing the implications of Christ’s reign. My own opinion is that “A Mighty Fortress” is one of the greatest hymns ever written. If you like it…
Please check out our new Audio Adventure St. Bartholomew’s Eve where “A Mighty Fortress” makes a starring role.
 Diane Severance, “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God,” Christianity.com, April 28, 2010, https://www.christianity.com/church/church-history/timeline/1501-1600/a-mighty-fortress-is-our-god-11629923.html
2 Carlton R. Young, United Methodist Hymnal editor, quoted in C. Michael Hawn, “History of Hymns: ‘A Mighty Fortress is Our God,” Discipleship Ministries @ https://www.umcdiscipleship.org/resources/history-of-hymns-a-mighty-fortress-is-our-god.
3 Louis F. Benson, Studies of Familiar Hymns (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1903), 156.
4 Martin Luther quoted in Andreas Loewe and Katherine Firth, “Martin Luther’s ‘Mighty Fortress,’” Lutheran Quarterly, April 23, 2018, 136.
6 Albert B. Collver, “A Mighty Fortress,” Lutheran Reformation.org, October 1, 2015, https://lutheranreformation.org/history/a-mighty-fortress/
7 Andreas Loewe and Katherine Firth, “Martin Luther’s ‘Mighty Fortress,’” Lutheran Quarterly, April 23, 2018, 134; see also David Mathis, “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God,” desiring God.org, October 29, 2017.
8 Ibid., 136.  Benson, 159.  Ibid.
The post A Mighty Fortress Is Our God: Battle Hymn of The Reformation appeared first on Off The Grid News.
This Article Was Originally Posted On offthegridnews.com Read the Original Article here
NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls
New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.
The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.
The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.
“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”
The Ultimate Energizer Review – Does It Really Work?
If you’re looking for a review of the ultimate energizer guide then you have come to the right spot because in this exclusive article we’re going to blow the lid off the ultimate energizer once and for all and reveal weather it is the real deal or not.
This brings us to the review of the ultimate energizer guide. This is a program that provides users with classified information on how to build a free energy generator. But can the program really make you achieve this?
does it work? will it be worth your investment, time and energy? all these questions and more are what this review on the ultimate energizer program seeks to help you find answers to.
The ultimate energizer review – is it worth it?
About The Ultimate Energizer guide
The ultimate energizer is your ultimate guide to building your own alternative and portable energy source to power up any of your household appliances including refrigerators and aircon units. It is a very affordable way to having an emergency generator that can help you save more than 50% from your electricity bills without spending too much on other alternative energy source like solar panels or wind turbines which is costly and will also need a lot of space.
The ultimate energizer causes you to be calm about the electricity bill. This well ordered guide shows you how to manufacture this claim “home energy gadget” today impeccably. This will dispose of your energy charge ensured.
It is lost to the earth which means we need to really take care of it in order to reduce the cost of energy bills which introduces the ultimate energizer guide.
About The Ultimate Energizer Creator
The creator of the complete the ultimate energizer guide is steven perkins. He found the journal of the founder of this technology in his home when his father shifted near quebec city in canada.
In this post, we will review the ultimate energizer whose creator claimed to offer a way through which you can generate non-stop current. According to the author, you can drop down your electricity bills by 80%.
Of course the ultimate energizer owners provide resources. But the truth is that you are a master creator. All of them have that talent in us. The only difference is the extent to which it is hidden in each of us.
Features of The Ultimate Energizer
The features of the ultimate energizer guide are as follows:-. This program guide will help you to design a the ultimate energizer generator which will follow the rules of linear induction motor which is built around a track that is orbicular to maintain the smooth motion of rotors that are transportable.
You can find here, a extensive review which highlights all the important features and performance criteria of the ultimate energizer. Use of the the ultimate energizer is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed in a short time; you have complete control over it. 100% money back guarantee shows that the ultimate energizer really works. The ultimate energizer gives full customer support for 7/24/365, also, features, credibility and the ultimate energizer’s ease of use are favorably satisfied by the buyers.
Use it on any electrical appliances from small clocks to big plasma tv screens, refrigerators, and air conditioners. Power the cabins while hiking to the mountains or camping. Other essential features of this complete the ultimate energizer are that it is easy to assemble and does not require a technical background to master engineering.
Pros and Cons of The Ultimate Energizer
I’ve created this honest ultimate energizer review to help you make a well-informed decision. I’ve tested it myself and now i’m going to share with you all the key aspects you may be interested in: how does it work? is it really so powerful and effective? what are its pros and cons?.
It is non-polluting. It remains popular the ultimate energizer guide pros & cons because it is both a renewable and clean source of energy. Harnessing solar energy is more than a fine idea it’s currently a reality in thousands of homes in a lot of nations around the world.
On the review of the ultimate energizer guide, we will be looking into what exactly the program is all about, the details of the energy generator program, the benefits, pros & cons and our conclusion on the program.
Does The Ultimate Energizer really work?
The device is usable during emergencies. It works without fuels and therefore there are no expected fumes. It is weather proof. Cons of the ultimate energizer. You can only download the program from the official website.
But the ultimate energizer reviews that are available from real users online on platforms like google and youtube seem to confirm that the device does indeed work. So, as per my ultimate energizer review answer to the question is the ultimate energizer legit? is definitely yes.
The ultimate energizer guide. The ultimate energizer is said to work for your home and cut electricity by 82%, guaranteed by tomorrow. The ultimate energizer reviews. It can boost any type of electricity by as much as 5 times.
Advantages of The Ultimate Energizer Program
The program can benefit you in many ways. Below we are listing the advantages of using the ultimate energizer program for generating electricity:. This device will help you save up to 60%-70%, without investing money in solar panels which can cost you a lot of money.
There are additional the ultimate energizer guide program advantages too, including advantages at tax time, so do your homework on what you might have for being a solar power pioneer contributed back.
Why The Ultimate Energizer is Useful?
The ultimate energizer is a complete guide and blueprint. With it, you get everything you need to know to build your own free energy generator. This generator can be completed for less than $50 if you have some tools already. But i remember reading another review of the ultimate energizer, and the guy said he took days. Maybe he was crafty. Then, you assemble it and get it to work.
You will be guided step by step, that anybody who can read can build it. You do not need prior building experience or massive strength; it is that easy. Building the ultimate energizer takes under 4 hours if you are slow and definitely a lot less when you have help.
The ultimate energizer has already changed the lives of over 30,000 families who chose to power their homes using this eco-friendly device. This is definitely a good investment that is worth your time and money and if you think it isn’t after trying it out, you can request for a refund.
Is The Ultimate Energizer a Scam?
The ultimate energizer guide really show you how to power your house and save tremendously, or is this just another overhyped scam? this system was created after its owner decided he wanted to have a home power generating system in case of any crises or disasters.
The ultimate energizer pdf. It does not need any conventional electric power. The ultimate energizer scam. In this program, you can also build more generator and sell for profit. This product can also be incorporated into the automobile to power an electric motor.
All you need is an open mind and a desire to try new things to get a life in the field of freedom of energy. So, what are you waiting for? it’s time to say goodbye to major energy companies and start using the ultimate energizer guide today.
Watch this video demonstration of the ultimate energizer guide put into action
Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!
Get Two Pocket Air Pros Worth $99.00 FREE With Your Purchase Of A Pocket Power
Even Better: We’ve also lowered the price of the Pocket Power X. Great Gear, Great Price.
Offer ends on Monday at midnight!
The post <span style="color:#ff0000">Better Off-Grid Deal Yet? Good This Weekend Only!</span> appeared first on Off The Grid News.
This Article Was Originally Posted On offthegridnews.com Read the Original Article here
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Make a Powerful Mini Foundry
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a Cabin in 7days for Under $5k
- DIY4 years ago
Try these Cute Christmas Rock Painting ideas for Kids
- DIY6 years ago
Pillow Floor Lounger
- DIY6 years ago
15 DIY PVC Projects You’ll Love
- Uncategorized5 years ago
Bug Out Cabin Tips | How To Build The Ultimate Survival Shelter
- DIY6 years ago
How To Make An Outdoor Kitchen Upcycled Pallet Outdoor Grill
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a 16 Brick Rocket Stove