There was a time when many people constructed bomb shelters in their backyards. It was the 50’s and 60’s during the height of the cold war between the Soviet Union and the United States. Over time, the threat seemed to fade as disarmament agreements were signed and the Soviet Union collapsed. But slowly and consistently, more and more countries not only possess but are developing nuclear bomb capabilities.
In some ways, it seems more like saber-rattling than a genuine threat. But all it takes is a mistake or an act of madness by a despotic dictator to make the threats a reality. In this article, we’ll cover the various factors surrounding a nuclear disaster and identify the steps you must take to prepare for and survive a nuclear war.
Want to save this post for later? Click Here to Pin It on Pinterest!
Step 1: Recognize How Close We Have Come
Anyone who insists a nuclear threat will never happen should be aware of the many occasions when it almost did. All were nuclear events, and some instances involved the loss of a thermonuclear device. When this happens, the code word is: “Broken Arrow.”
The Goldsboro North Carolina Broken Arrow – 1961
In 1961, a B-52 bomber broke up over Goldsboro, North Carolina and crashed on a farm. The crash caused two hydrogen bombs to fall on the area. Fortunately, they did not detonate. One of the bombs was recovered intact. The other bomb was only partially recovered. Its nuclear core is still buried under 200 feet of dirt and mud.
After a military study, the bomb with its parachute hung up in a tree advanced through 6 of the 7 steps to detonation. Only one trigger stopped the detonation and that trigger was set to ARM. According to Robert McNamara, the Secretary of Defense at the time, “Only by the slightest margin of chance, literally the failure of two wires to cross – a nuclear explosion was averted.” The fallout would have been devastating to the East coast.
According to the Pentagon, more than three-dozen accidents in which bombers either crashed or caught fire on the runway resulted in nuclear contamination from a damaged, destroyed, or lost bomb.
The Soviet B59 Submarine Incident – 1962
On October 27, 1962, at the height of the Cuban missile crisis, an American destroyer dropped depth charges on a nuclear-armed Soviet submarine near the American blockade of Cuba. The depth charges were not armed but meant as a shot across the bow.
The Russian sub’s commander was convinced they were armed and ordered an attack with a nuclear-tipped torpedo. All three of the senior officers had to agree to the launch. One refused: Vasili Arkhipov, the second in command. World War III was avoided thanks to one Soviet submariner. The story was not revealed until 2002.
The NORAD Computer Glitch – 1979
On November 9, 1979, NORAD received an urgent alert that the Soviet Union had launched a barrage of missiles at North America. The U.S. scrambled 10 interceptor fighters, ordered the Presidents “Doomsday Plane” to takeoff, and prepared for a retaliatory counterattack.
Fortunately, it was soon discovered that a junior technician had accidentally run a training program that simulated a nuclear attack on the United States by the Soviet Union. The counterattack was called off, but three more false alarms plagued NORAD in 1980.
The Abel-Archer Incident – 1983
In November of 1983, NATO engaged in a war game exercise simulating an attack on the Soviet Union. The Abel-Archer exercise was unprecedented in its scope. 19,000 U.S. troops were airlifted to Europe, U.S. alert status was changed to DEFCON 1, and certain commands were relocated to alternate locations. All the steps the Soviet Union estimated would occur prior to the onset of a nuclear attack.
The Soviets had been informed of the exercise, but the suspicion was that the war game was a cover for an actual attack. As a result, the Soviets went to high alert, prepared jets for takeoff, and remained ready for a counterstrike. It wasn’t until the exercise ended that the situation was defused. World War III was avoided. Yet again.
Who knows how many events are still classified and unreported? The simple fact is that the threat is real.
According to the book, Nuclear War Survival Skills, nuclear war is survivable. This book was put together by Cresson H. Kearny of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and is considered by many to be the best and last word on how to survive a nuclear blast.
Step 3: Respect the Impact of the Detonation
- Based on your location
- Based on the size of the warhead
- Based on the extent of the conflict
The point is simple. The farther you are from ground zero, the better your chances of survival. Here is a map of the U.S. with estimated high-risk targets for a nuclear detonation in a time of war.
The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are minuscule compared to the size and destructive power of a hydrogen bomb. The largest hydrogen bomb was tested by Russia in 1961. It was 50 megatons.
The Extent of the Risk
1. Dirty Bombs
Dirty bombs are the most chilling terrorist threat. They are not atomic bombs. They’re conventional explosives designed to spread radioactive material over a wide area.
2. Strategic Nuclear Detonation
The nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a strategic military decision. It ended World War II, but put the atomic bomb in the wartime strategic arsenal.
3. Limited Nuclear War
Limited may seem to be an understatement, but it’s limited in the sense that it is intended to only directly affect two warring parties or countries. The effects on the people living in those countries would be catastrophic, and neighboring countries would feel the effects of fallout drifting on the wind.
4. Global Thermonuclear War
This is the head-shaker and falls in the category of a potentially apocalyptic event. It is survivable depending on location, but the bigger question is long-term survivability given the state of the world and civilization after the events.
Step 4: Plan for The Five Stages of a Nuclear Detonation
The destructive force of a nuclear detonation goes well beyond the blast of the explosion. When a conventional bomb explodes, what’s done is done for the most part. When a nuclear bomb explodes, the devastation comes in waves and the effects spread and linger.
The flash from a nuclear detonation is the first stage and travels at the speed of light. Anyone exposed to the flash will suffer second or third-degree burns. Anyone looking at the flash could be permanently blinded.
The flash is so intense that even everyday objects in Hiroshima left permanent shadows on walls.
2. EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse)
An electromagnetic pulse also travels at the speed of light. It destroys electronics unless they are shielded in a specific way (Faraday cage). This includes all electronics whether operational, idle, unused, or powered off. Electronics with circuit boards are the most vulnerable. Computers fall into that category.
The result could be total grid failure and failure of all electronic communication across a wide area. To make matters worse, an EMP can stretch for hundreds and hundreds of miles, well beyond the blast zone.
Improvised Faraday Cage: Line a large, metal garbage can with sheets of cardboard. Put electronics in the can and cover with the lid.
3. Radioactive burst
It’s not just about the fallout. An atomic explosion sends out a burst of radioactivity that destroys cells, organs, and typically leads to cancer even in small doses due to its effects on DNA.
4. Shock Wave
Any bomb delivers a shock wave. The shock wave from a nuclear detonation is exponentially greater.
The effected distance is less than the first three stages, but exposed people and structures up to 5 miles away will suffer from total destruction to severe damage following a 5-megaton blast.
The most insidious stage of a nuclear detonation. It’s caused by radioactive, particulate matter thrust high into the atmosphere usually caused by a ground burst and carried by prevailing westerly winds spreading radioactivity far beyond the blast zone. It will cause radiation burns and damage to both cells and DNA.
And it’s not just about the fallout from a nuclear explosion. We’ve done it to ourselves from Chernobyl to Fukushima to Atomic testing in the southwestern U.S. — radioactivity has been a regular companion.
Step 5: Preparing for Nuclear War
Most people will face two options. People who have prepared for the long-term will not only have the knowledge but the tools and equipment to avoid the 5 stages of a nuclear detonation. All of the steps to prepare fully are covered in the Nuclear War Survival Skills book including various ways to build a bomb shelter.
It’s likely that the majority of people will be scrambling to make decisions in the short-term. The good news is that shelter can be found even if it’s as simple as a basement. The bad news is that you may find fundamental needs unmet as a result of the aftermath.
Step 6: Assess the Situation
A nuclear bomb delivered by a missile will leave only minutes to act before the detonation. If an alert is broadcast by the emergency broadcast system (EBS) on TV, radio, or the Internet, you need to act fast and think fast. Here are steps to consider — quickly.
1. Assess the Level of the Attack
Has a terrorist attack left one city radioactive as a result of a dirty bomb?
It’s possible this is an isolated incident. Or not. It’s easy to assume the worst, but widespread panic often is the primary threat to a population. Stop and think about your level of risk based on the information you have.
2. Assess Your Location
Primary danger zones are typically defined by the size of the population; the proximity of a military base or missile site, and major industrial centers. Attacks on these areas will inflict the most damage.
3. Assess the Need to Evacuate
Evacuation studies of areas hit by natural disasters have shown that any evacuation recommended or mandated by federal or local authorities create the greatest problems related to traffic jams and general panic.
Self-determined evacuations present less of a problem because the volume of people attempting to evacuate is less. Evaluate your proximity to a possible target and if you think your location is high-risk, evacuate before any announcement. If you are not in a high-risk zone, you’re better off staying home.
Step 7. Find Shelter
You don’t need a doomsday bunker in the back yard to survive a nuclear attack, but it helps. If you are like most people, you don’t have one but there’s a good chance you have a basement.
A basement can protect you from all 5 stages of a nuclear detonation. The foundation walls are usually concrete at least 8 inches thick. Surrounding the foundation is dirt, clay, and rock. The combined mass of those materials offers very effective protection from the nuclear flash, EMP (to some degree), radioactive wave, blast, and with proper precautions, fallout.
People living in a city can take shelter in an underground parking garage, municipal shelters, or other locations with high mass from concrete construction.
Municipal shelters are marked with a symbol and the words “Fallout Shelter” but you don’t see them so much anymore.
Step 8: Consider Equipment You Must Have
If a nuclear war occurs and you don’t have this equipment, you are putting yourself and your family at great risk.
- An AM/FM radio that can be recharged with both solar cells and a hand-cranked generator built-in. Emergency information through CONELRAD can provide updates on fallout and local status.
- A basic Geiger Counter to measure radiation. It doesn’t have to be industrial strength. There are economical models that measure radiation accurately. Identifies fallout threat in your immediate area. There is also an App for the iPhone that will turn your phone into a Geiger counter.
- Personal Dosimeter Meter (Measures individual’s total exposure to radioactivity. One for each member in your group)
- An expedition level water filter with both activated charcoal and ceramic filters. It will not filter radioactivity from fallout but will purify raw, freshwater sources.
- 5-Gallon water storage containers.
- Rechargeable lighting equipment either solar rechargeable or hand-cranked.
- Portable toilet.
- Communication such as hand-held CB radios or walkie-talkies. Cell phones probably won’t be operational due to EMP. Traditional hardline phones and computer access on hardline possible assuming phone and computer have been protected from EMP and computer has a hardline phone-jack.
A Note on the Internet
The Internet could still be operational. It was invented by the RAND Corporation at the request of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The request from DARPA was for a communication platform that would survive total thermonuclear war.
RAND determined that the spider web of phone lines crisscrossing the United States could use “packet-switching” to direct and redirect a message to carefully located servers around the country to complete the communication. Controversy still surrounds the story and many have claimed to invent it.
Step 9: Assemble Supplies You Must Have
- Potassium iodide solution (Protects the pituitary gland from radiation.)
- First aid kit including burn kit supplies
- Activated charcoal tablets (For radiation sickness. OTC available at pharmacies.)
- Toilet paper
- Enough stored water for 14 days totaling 28 gallons per person.
- Enough stored food for 14 days totaling 2,500 calories a day per person.
- Sleeping supplies (pillows, blankets, sleeping bag, etc.)
- Extra clothing
- Prescription medications
- Duct tape for sealing doors and windows from fallout dust
Both the equipment you need and supplies will vary depending on your situation. Here again, refer to the Nuclear War Survival Skills book for all of the possibilities. Other books to have on hand include Where There Is No Doctor, the U.S. Army First-Aid Manual, and Red Dog Nuclear Survival by the U.S. Department of Defense.
Step 10: What To Do When It’s Over
General estimates indicate that people should remain in their shelters for at least 14 days if fallout is in the area. Your radio or your Geiger counter can help you make this determination. The standard recommendation is that you only go outside when absolutely necessary and try to limit your time outside. That all depends on the extent of the event.
Life will go on. It really depends on the quality of that life and your willingness to live with it.
Like this post? Don’t Forget to Pin It on Pinterest!
You May Also Like:
This article first appeared on urbansurvivalsite.com See it here
4 No Cook Meals For Surviving The Pandemic And Food Supply Shortages
When it comes to your food supply, you just can’t risk not having enough. These no cook meals will be a great addition to your food supply planning. Check out the recipes below!
No Cook Meals to Help You Through the Pandemic
As of the writing of this article, there are 20 meat processing plants that have been shut down due to COVID-19 infections. We have been worrying about these types of effects on our food supply for months now, and this is the first real sign of how infections can affect the food supply.
When you walk into a supermarket, you might not see all the choices you had in the past. An empty meat case is a humbling thing for your eyes to fall upon. It’s the shocking realization that the seemingly infinite supply of chickens, pigs, and cows that are butchered for us has begun to run dry!
To deal with this issue, we are going to present four no cook meals that will help you create dinners at home that will feed your family without worrying so much about what’s available, or unavailable, in the meat case.
1. Smashed White Bean, Avocado and Salted Pork Sandwiches
As preppers we get beans. There are a bunch of ways to use beans and this a great example of how you can pack a sandwich with great nutrition and protein.
Serving: Makes 4 sandwiches
- Can of White Beans
- Olive Oil
- 1 Avocado
- 8 Slices of Whole Grain Bread
- 8 Slices of Salted Pork (Prosciutto, Ham, Virginia Ham)
- Begin by draining your beans in a colander then smashing them up in a bowl add a few glugs of olive oil, salt, pepper. This little mix is delicious. If you add some minced rosemary, you can even turn this into a delicious dip.
- Pit your avocado and cut it in half and then quarters lengthwise. Leave the skin on.
- Lay the bread out on a clean work surface for assembling the sandwiches.
- Spread your mashed bean mix onto one side of the bread.
- Peel your avocados and slice 1 quarter for each sandwich. Spread slices over the bean spread.
- Add a few slices of your pork to over the top of the avocado.
- You can finish this sandwich with some lettuces, fresh sprouts, or just eat it as is.
2. Delicious Crab Salad
Canned crab is a protein option that will likely be around through much of this meat crisis. It does have to be kept in refrigeration, but it’s delicious and this chipotle mayo salad is great in the spring and summer.
- 1 Can of Crab Meat
- 1 Bunch of Asparagus
- Chipotle Mayo
- 1 Bunch of Green Onions
- 1 Bunch of Cilantro
- Drain your crab in a colander and set it in the sink.
- Slice your asparagus into 1-inch pieces. Throw them into a bowl.
- Thinly slice your onions and your cilantro and throw that into the bowl, as well.
- Gently toss in the crab meat.
- Squirt on enough Chipotle mayo to coat everything and toss gently not to break up the crab meat.
- Chill in the fridge and serve.
3. Simple Greek Salad
The combination of simple summer ingredients makes for an incredible quick salad that you could add other proteins, too, if you wanted. These could be canned meats.
- 2 Large Tomatoes
- 1 Cucumber
- 1 Red Onion
- ¼ Cup of Feta Cheese
- A Few Sprigs of Fresh Mint
- ½ Cup of Kalamata Olives
- Balsamic Dressing
- I like to cut the tomatoes in large chunks and have them kind of be the main course in this salad. Peel and slice your cucumber in half. Remove the seeds and either dice or slice in half-moons.
- Peel and slice your red onion in half. Julienne your, or thinly slice, your half onion.
- Add all these ingredients to a bowl. Finely slice your mint.
- Add your olives, crumbled feta, and mint to the bowl and add enough dressing to coat everything.
- Stir it up and allow this to chill for at least an hour for the flavors to really blend.
4. Mediterranean Tuna Lettuce Wraps
Using some similar ingredients and adding a protein like tuna, you can create some delicious lettuce wraps. The key to a good lettuce wrap is to have most of the items around the same size. So, consider that when you are preparing this dish.
- Iceberg or Butter Lettuce
- Canned Artichokes
- Canned roasted Red peppers
- Fresh Cucumber
- Feta Cheese
- Minced Olives ¼ Cup
- 2 Cans of Tuna
- Green Onions
- Start by peeling all the full leaves from your lettuce. Set them on a plate either cover them with a wet paper towel or put them back into the fridge.
- Dice the peppers, artichokes, and cucumbers into cubes. Go no larger than ½ an inch.
- Thinly slice your green onions and basil and add them to a bowl with your diced vegetables. Add your loves to this bowl and mix them thoroughly.
- Crumble your feta cheese over the mixture.
- Drain your tuna thoroughly and then add that to the bowl, as well.
- Gently toss this mixture. Try not to break up the tuna and the cheese too much but incorporate it thoroughly.
- If you want, you can add some olive oil to the mix or a few glugs of balsamic vinegar. It’s also delicious just how it is.
- Scoop a few tablespoons into a lettuce leaf, wrap it up and eat up!
These no cook meals should help lessen the stress you feel when thinking of what to feed your family. If you don’t have the specific ingredients, use your creativity, and use what you have. You might discover a new recipe while you’re at it!
What’s your favorite no cook meal recipe? Please share it with us in the comments section!
- Essential Survival Fuel: No-Cook Overnight Oats
- Dehydrated Foods to Try This Weekend
- 13 Dried And Canned Foods With The Longest Shelf Lives
This Article Was First Found at survivallife.com Read The Original Article Here
Billionaire Whistle Blower: Wuhan Coronavirus Death Toll Is Over 50,000
- Exiled Chinese businessman Guo Wengui recently revealed leaks from Wuhan crematoriums. He claims based on the number of bodies their furnaces are burning, the death toll could be as high as 50,000.
A Chinese billionaire and whistleblower who lives in U.S. exile says Wuhan crematoriums have burned 50,000 coronavirus victims. | Credit: Chinatopix via AP
- The official coronavirus death toll in China is a little over 800. But an exiled Chinese businessman says crematoriums are leaking the real figure.
- A billionaire whistleblower alleges Wuhan has crematoriums working 24/7. He claims they’ve cremated some 50,000 coronavirus victims.
- Guo Wengui is a Chinese billionaire living in exile in the United States.
The official coronavirus death toll is some 800 people in China. The current official death toll worldwide, outside of China, is 774. But a Chinese billionaire with a history of blowing the whistle on his former government says the real figure is much higher.
Exiled Chinese businessman Guo Wengui recently revealed leaks from Wuhan crematoriums. He claims based on the number of bodies their furnaces are burning, the death toll could be as high as 50,000. Wengui made the bombshell allegations in an interview with former White House chief strategist Steve Bannon.
Whistleblower: 1.5 Million Coronavirus Cases In China, 50,000 Coronavirus Deaths In Wuhan
He also claims to have inside information that there are 1.5 million confirmed coronavirus cases in China. Wengui is emphatic that these are not merely quarantined or “under observation” but confirmed cases of coronavirus infection:
China has struggled to contain the coronavirus. But it has also struggled to contain public outcry against censorship and tight control of information. Dr. Li Wenliang, who sounded the alarm about the disease, succumbed to an infection and died this week. The Chinese government arrested him for blowing the whistle.
Then officials tried to suppress news of his death. Afterwards, millions of Chinese citizens saw the hashtag #IWantFreedomOfSpeech on Mandarin language social media. But the Chinese government censored that too.
Are Wengui’s Crematorium Claims Credible?
Watch VICE’s 2017 profile on Guo Wengui. At the time, he published bombshell documents alleging corruption in the Chinese government. He got the attention of the media and reportedly the U.S. State Department.
5 Types Of Ammunition To Stockpile For A Collapse
Every prepper knows it’s a great idea to stockpile ammunition when preparing for a major disaster.
You can use it for hunting, self-defense, or barter.
But which types of ammo should you stockpile?
If you plan on bartering, then you don’t want a bunch of calibers that nobody wants. And that’s just one consideration.
In this video, Reality Survival & Prepping talks about what he thinks are the 5 best types of ammunition to stockpile for a collapse.
Here are his picks:
- .22 LR – Very common, good for hunting small game, very light and small.
- 9mm Luger – Great for self-defense, fits in a wide variety of handguns.
- 5.56×45mm or .223 Remington – Also very common, cheap and effective.
- .308 Winchester – Widely used, works in AR10 and bolt-action platforms.
- 12 Gauge – You can do a lot with it — hunt, defend yourself, etc.
In the video below he makes a much more detailed case for each caliber. What do you think of this list?
This article first appeared on urbansurvivalsite.com See it here
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Make a Powerful Mini Foundry
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a Cabin in 7days for Under $5k
- DIY4 years ago
Try these Cute Christmas Rock Painting ideas for Kids
- DIY6 years ago
Pillow Floor Lounger
- Uncategorized4 years ago
Bug Out Cabin Tips | How To Build The Ultimate Survival Shelter
- DIY6 years ago
15 DIY PVC Projects You’ll Love
- DIY6 years ago
How To Make An Outdoor Kitchen Upcycled Pallet Outdoor Grill
- DIY7 years ago
DIY How to Build a 16 Brick Rocket Stove