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10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

Home Animals 10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

Want to know what the 10 most common dog illnesses are and how to treat them? Read on and give your furry friend the proper care they deserve.

Learn how to recognize the signs and symptoms if your dog is in pain. Whether you should give him medication, or if you need to call a veterinarian for help. Remember happy, healthy dogs means a happy and healthy people and communities.

10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

Dogs are our best friends and faithful companions and it is our duty to care for them and offer them all the conditions necessary so they can live a safe, joyful and healthy life. Unfortunately, our adorable pets can’t speak and can’t complain when something is troubling them. They cry and squeal, scratch, avoid food or become restless – these are just a few signs that your friend feels under the weather.

As responsible pet owners, we must observe and understand signs of common dog illnesses and make sure our buddies get the proper health treatment to get them back into shape. If you are a new dog owner and want to do your best for the wellbeing of your new friends, let’s review 10 common dog illnesses and how to treat them properly.

1. Ear Infections

golden retriever with cold ice pack on head 10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

Probably the most prevalent common dog illnesses are ear infections, as they affect both the apartment dogs and the backyard ones. Some of the most common causes are ear mites, yeast, bacteria, ear canal hair growth, allergies, colds and so on. Symptoms include:

  • Vigorous ear scratching
  • Head shaking
  • Vulnerability and crying at ear touch
  • Redness of the ear canal
  • Swelling of the outer areas of the ear
  • Crying

If your dog shows such symptoms, you are in your right to suspect an ear infection. Use a cotton ball (but never a Q-Tip) and a gentle non-alcoholic cleansing solution to clean the ear. While it is better to prevent ear infections than to treat them, always go to the vet to assess the situation, as ear infections can lead to more serious health problems.

2. Digestive Problems Including Vomiting and Diarrhea

While an isolated case of vomiting or diarrhea shouldn’t worry you, recurrent such episodes should be supervised closely. If your dog vomits several times a day or presents diarrhea for more than a day, you should also consider the following symptoms:

  • Black or dark diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Presence of blood in the vomit or stool
  • Lethargy
  • Crying of pain
  • Fever

There are many causes of gastrointestinal diseases, including but not limited to, improper foods, pancreatitis, allergies, food poisoning, swallowed objects, a bacterial infection and so on. Before going to the vet, try a few home remedies:

  • Give the dog plenty of water to combat dehydration
  • Provide the dog rice water to drink – boil one cup of white rice in water, rinse and let the liquid cool, then give it to your dog.
  • Give your dog a suspension of water and PeptoBismol
  • A spoon of yogurt will help with the intestinal flora balance.

3. Skin Tags

A skin tag can look frightening for both people and pets. In dogs, they are usually benign, but this doesn’t mean you should completely ignore them. Skin tags in dogs are quite common, but their actual causes are still under research. Parasites, improper skin care, the environment, genetics or a poor diet are considered some of the main culprits.

Before you fear the worst, remember that cancerous tags usually look like lesions, leak liquid and change color and size. Skin tags are not painful and don’t make the dog suffer. There are plenty of home remedies for dogs’ skin tags, and you should try some of them without worrying. If the tag is painful or it looks more like a disease than a wart, take your buddy to the doctor.

4. Worms of All Kinds

Worms of All Kinds | 10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

image via flickr

Dogs and internal parasites are sworn enemies, but the truth is that almost all dogs deal with such a threat at least once in their lifetime. There are many kind of worms that dogs attract, and some of them (hookworms) can be fatal in puppies. If your dog suffers from a worm infestation, some of the symptoms include:

  • Scooting on its bottom
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Lethargy / or unexplained agitation
  • Dryness of the coat

It is not recommended to treat worms on your own. Medicine that kills some of the worms may not kill the other species. There are, however, some remedies that will help the dog feel better until you take it to the vet.

  • If your dog accepts some garlic in the food mix a crushed garlic clove in the food
  • Introduce raw chopped/grated carrots in the food
  • Mince pumpkin seeds in its food

5. Allergic Dermatitis

Your pet’s skin should not be flaky, reddish in color, itching, irritated, too dry or too oily or present hair loss patches. These are all signs of allergic dermatitis – caused by many factors including allergies, infections, hormonal imbalances or parasites. The best treatment is got at the vet, as he can diagnose the cause and prescribe an efficient treatment.

However, skin conditions in dogs can be controlled through nutrition. Make sure your dog receives proper quantities of protein, anti-oxidants, and essential fatty acids. Never forget about the preventative methods against fleas and ticks.

6. Dental Diseases

pug dog with vet checking heart beat 10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

If you heard many times that you should give your dog rawhide chews and teeth-cleaning toys and products, you heard this for all the good reasons. Dental diseases in dogs can also be linked to diabetes, heart diseases, kidney problems, and many more – so you really need to take care of your dog’s teeth. Common symptoms include:

  • Smelly breath
  • Eating and chewing difficulties
  • Pain
  • Swollen face
  • Head shaking

The treatment of a dog’s periodontitis should be performed by a specialist. However, you can try to brush your dog’s teeth (but WITHOUT human toothpaste as it is highly toxic to dogs; use dog toothpaste instead). You can also feed your dog hard foods: raw carrots if it likes them, chewable bones and toys with tooth cleaning properties.

7. Urinary Tract Infections

Such infections can be caused by many factors and diet is one of them. Among other culprits, doctors list bacteria, fungal infections, bladder stones or immune deficiencies. Common symptoms of such a urinary tract infection are:

  • Frequent urinations
  • Urination straining
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Blood in the urine
  • Backache

Have a talk with your vet about the use of antibiotics and other treatments, but the first step is to regulate your dog’s nutrition and lower the amounts of magnesium, phosphorus, protein and calcium your dog intakes. Also, you can feed your dog juniper berries, parsley leaves, Ulva Ursi leaf, cranberries and blueberries, marshmallow roots, raw fruits, vegetables, and yogurt, together with vitamin B supplements and natural antioxidants, natural anti-inflammatory and antibiotics.

8. Liver Diseases

A dog with an impaired liver is something to truly worry about. Liver diseases are many and may be caused by bacterial and viral infections, poor nutrition, toxic substances your dog may have ingested, genetics and a stressful environment among others. Symptoms include:

  • Sudden weight and appetite loss
  • Jaundice
  • Extreme lethargy or depression
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Pale gums
  • Build-up of fluid in the abdomen – which should not be mistaken with sudden weight gain.

As treatment goes, your vet is the one to establish the correct diagnosis or course of treatment. You can control your pet’s diet, however, with proper foods and home remedies: liver support natural supplements, antioxidants, vitamins, anti-inflammatory herbs (parsley for instance), milk thistle and so on.

9. The Flu

sick beagle with hand on head 10 Common Dog Illnesses and How to Treat Them

Yes, dogs get the flu, and the symptoms will break your heart. In its mild form, moist or dry coughs, sneezing and runny noses will clearly tell you that you need to quickly take care of your pet. The more severe flu symptoms include fever, breathing problems, bloody coughs, anorexia, runny eyes, and ear infections and so on. In dogs, the flu runs its course even for 30 days in a row, so besides medical treatment, you can contribute to the dog’s well-being:

  • Provide it with plenty of fresh water
  • Keep it in a calm and peaceful, warm and cozy environment
  • Avoid taking the dog out in crowded places like parks and kennels
  • Introduce garlic in its diet if it supports it
  • Offer it a nutritious diet rich in vegetables and herbs that have anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties. Supplement its diet with Vitamin C-rich veggies.

10. Conjunctivitis

This reddish dog’s eye problem gives pet owners a lot of troubles. Your dog’s eyes may look pink, become itchy, dry or runny, swollen and irritated. You may see the dog blink spasmodically, shed tears or accumulate mucus. You can also notice follicle formation in the eye area. The causes of conjunctivitis can be ascribed to bacteria, viruses, allergies, environment pollutants, immune-mediated diseases, traumas (foreign bodies), dust, chemicals or medication.

  • If you suspect a foreign body, clean your dog’s eye with lukewarm water
  • Wash your dog’s eyes with cooled chamomile tea and a soft, clean cloth.
  • Feed your dog a diet rich in vitamins B and C and zinc.
  • Use green tea or aloe vera to clean the dog’s eyes as well.

There are plenty of other common dog illnesses dogs may contract during their lifetime. Some breeds are more vulnerable to some conditions than others, so before you bring a pet home, make sure you are aware of its special sensibilities. Feeding them correctly and offering them proper hygiene, peaceful environments, and clean life conditions are sometimes the best preventative measures you can take.

Want to learn more about the common dog illnesses and how to treat them? Let’s watch this video from : Veterinary Secrets

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NYC Adds Nearly 4,000 People Who Never Tested Positive To Coronavirus Death Tolls

New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll Tuesday, bringing coronavirus-related deaths in the city to around 10,000 people.

The city decided to add 3,700 people to its death tolls, who they “presumed” to have died from the virus, according to a report from The New York Times. The additions increased the death toll in the U.S. by 17%, according to the Times report, and included people who were suffering from symptoms of the virus, such as intense coughing and a fever.

The report stated that Democratic New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio decided over the weekend to change the way the city is counting deaths.

“In the heat of battle, our primary focus has been on saving lives,” de Blasio press secretary Freddi Goldstein told the Times.“As soon as the issue was raised, the mayor immediately moved to release the data.”

The post New York City added nearly 4,000 people who never tested positive for the coronavirus to its death toll appeared first on Daily Caller

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Self Sufficiency

How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

The thing about homesteading is you get to create your own ingredient right from scratch! Cheese, yogurt, butter and now sauerkraut, a delightfully sour and crunchy ingredient you can use on your meals — or consume by itself — while on a homestead, or while facing this health crisis!

This homemade sauerkraut is a great meal because it has a long shelf life. You can either make plain sauerkraut or mix it with herbs and spices. In this tutorial let us make Lacto-fermented sauerkraut that preserves all the good probiotics in a jar, good for your guts.

So how to make sauerkraut in a mason jar?

RELATED: How To Make Buttermilk On Your Homestead

Delicious Sauerkraut Recipe Every Homesteader Should Know

Why Make Sauerkraut?

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Not only does sauerkraut spoil a long time, but it is also a meal in itself, and it is also easy to make! You don’t need to be an expert cook, all you need to do is follow these simple steps.

So let us get started. Here are the steps in making sauerkraut in a mason jar.

Ingredients:

  • 1 head of cabbage or 2 1/2 lbs cabbage
  • 1 tablespoon of salt

Tools Needed:

  • knife
  • bowl
  • mason jar
  • smaller jar
  • rubber band

Step 1: Wash & Clean the Tools & Ingredients



Wash all the equipment and utensils you need. Wash your hands too.

You don’t want to mix your sauerkraut with bad bacteria, anything that is going to make you sick.

Next, remove the faded leaves from your cabbage. Cut off the roots and the parts that don’t seem fresh.

Step 2: Cut the Cabbage Into Quarters & Slice Into Strips



Cut your cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Then, slice it into strips.

Step 3: Place in a Bowl & Sprinkle With Salt



Put the stripped cabbage into a bowl. Sprinkle the cabbage with 1 tablespoon of salt.

TIP: Use canning salt or sea salt. Iodized salt will make it taste different and may not ferment the cabbage.

RELATED: Homemade Yogurt Recipe

Step 4: Massage the Cabbage



Massage the cabbage for five minutes or more to get the juice out.

TIP: You’ll know it’s ready when you see a bit of juice at the bottom of the bowl and will look similar to coleslaw.

Step 5: Press Cabbage Into the Mason Jar



Add the cabbage to the mason jar gradually. Press it in hard to allow the juice to come out. Do this every time you add about a handful of cabbage.

IMPORTANT: Food should be covered by the liquid to promote fermentation. Add any excess liquid from the bowl to the jar.

Step 6: Press a Smaller Jar Into the Mason Jar



You want to squeeze every ounce of that juice from the cabbage. To do this place the mason jar in a bowl and get a smaller jar.

Fill it with water or marble to make it heavy. Press it into the bigger mason jar. Allow any juices to rise to the surface.

Step 7: Cover the Jars With Cloth & Tie With Rubber Band



Leave the small jar on. To keep your jars clean from annoying insects and irritating debris, cover your jars with a clean cloth. Then, use a rubber band to tie the cloth and the jars together, putting them in place.

Step 8: Set Aside & Check Daily

Set it aside in a cool dry place, away from direct sunlight. Check the water level daily. It should always be above the cabbage.

Step 9: Taste Your Sauerkraut & Keep at Cool Temperatures

Homemade Sauerkraut Cumin Juniper | How To Make Lacto-Fermented Sauerkraut In A Mason Jar

After about five days, you can taste your sauerkraut. If the taste is to your liking, tightly cover it with the lid and store in the fridge or cellar.

NOTE: If after five days it’s still not your desired taste, leave it for a few more days. This will allow the fermentation process to continue.

You can now enjoy your sauerkraut in a mason jar. Enjoy its goodness! You can use it as a side dish or mix it with your favorite sandwich.

Things to Remember in Making Sauerkraut

  • Store away from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Colder weather will make the process longer. Spring is the best time to make them since the warmth helps activate the fermentation.
  • Always make sure that the cabbage is below the water level during the entire fermentation process.
  • If the water level decreases during the fermentation process, you can make a brine and add it.

Let us watch this video from Kristina Seleshanko on how to make delicious Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar!

So there you have it! Making Lacto-fermented sauerkraut in a mason jar is as easy as slicing the cabbage into strips. Remember that as long it remains unopened, your sauerkraut can last for months. Best of all, you can partner this sauerkraut in many recipes.

What do you think of this homemade recipe? Share your best sauerkraut recipe in the comments section below!

Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? Write for us!

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9 SPRING VEGETABLES FOR YOUR GARDEN

Having plants in the house will bring peace to people. Having a little garden with vegetables is even better! You can grow these vegetables in your backyard garden easily as well!

RELATED: Microgreens Growing Guide

In this article:

  1. Tomato
  2. Eggplant
  3. Beet
  4. Spinach
  5. Pea
  6. Carrot
  7. Radish
  8. Cauliflower
  9. Asparagus

Growing veggies in your garden will give you an opportunity to understand what you eat and value it more. Early spring is when most vegetables are being planted. Keep reading to learn about 9 spring vegetables that anyone can grow in their garden!

Tomato

Tomato is the most popular garden vegetable in the States! There are different varieties to choose from. Tomatoes need to be planted in early spring because they won’t survive a frost.

Because tomatoes are consumed daily, try adding them to your garden! They’re not difficult to grow either.

Eggplant

Eggplants are known to have low-calorie, vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Plus, they are delicious! So why not plant them in your garden?

Eggplants shouldn’t be planted too early because they won’t be able to survive a frost. So you could consult an expert in your area before you plant your eggplants.

Beets

Beets are known to be a superfood for its various health benefits. They’re easier to grow in the garden, usually around late March or early April.

If the weather is always cool, beets will keep getting bigger and bigger. Once the weather starts to warm up, you’ll need to harvest them, or they’ll go to waste.

Spinach

Spinach is a delicious early spring veggie, and it’s also very beneficial for health. And it’s not difficult to grow spinach in your garden!

Spinach needs cold weather to grow. Getting spinach to grow is easy, but keeping it growing will require some extra care.

Pea

Peas are usually planted in late April. Peas will die in freezing temperatures, but they also won’t survive the heat either. So make sure you plant your peas in early spring.

Peas are widely used in many different ways, and there are different types of peas. The soil you’ll be planting your peas should be suitable for them, so make sure you ask while buying seeds.

Carrot

There are different types of carrots, but regardless of their size and color, it’s a fact that carrots are both delicious and rich in vitamins.

They’re root vegetables, so with proper sun and watering, they can be picked up as baby carrots as well.

Radish

A radish is an excellent option for beginners because it doesn’t require too much care. Radish is easy to harvest.

Radish grows fast, so it’s better to keep an eye on it after a few weeks. Radish usually is grown pest-free, but there’s always the chance of unwanted guests, so watch out for worms. Radish can be eaten raw or can be added to garnish recipes.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower isn’t the easiest vegetable to grow at home, but it is very popular.

Cauliflower grows better in colder weather, so before you plant it, consider the climate of your garden. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or cooked, and it is known to be very beneficial for health.

Asparagus

Freshly picked, tender asparagus is very delicious!

Asparagus plants get more productive with each harvest, and mature asparagus harvest can last for months! Make sure you plant them at the correct time, or else they might go to waste.

All the vegetables listed above are great for your healthy diet, and it’s fun to watch them grow. So don’t miss out on the opportunity to grow your own veggies and eat healthy this spring!

So tell us which veggies will you be growing this spring? Tell us in the comments section!

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